TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

                                                                      Introduction             

                                                                 Acknowledgements   

                                                                 Forward/Mission           

 

                                                Chapter 1            A Second Opinion “A Prescription for Wellness”

 

                                                Chapter 2            Food Pyramid

 

                                                Chapter 3            Nutrition, the RDA, and Obesity

 

Chapter 4            Diabetes Mellitus 

             

Chapter 5            Vitamins

                       

Chapter 6               Enzymes, Cofactors, and Coenzymes:

 

Chapter 7            Minerals             

 

Chapter 8            Carbohydrates

 

Chapter 9            Sugars   

 

Chapter 10          Fiber and Intestinal Flora               

 

Chapter 11          Protein        

 

Chapter 12          Amino Acids

 

Chapter 13          Fat Production and Dietary Fats

 

Chapter 14         Exercise

 

Chapter 15         Additional Supplementation: i26

 

Chapter 16          Summary (including information on "Fit")

 

Introduction:

 

 

 

We in North America are plagued by a diet unparalled in time or place. The “Standard American Diet”, high in caloric intake and low in nutritional value, is filled with empty calories. It is ladened with undernourished, over processed, highly preserved, fiber poor foods. Lab rats, who would have survived and thrived on the whole wheat breads of our ancestors, now perish when provided a diet based solely on our new and improved, vitamin enriched breads. Only in the past 100 years has man been eating refined flours, refined sugars, and synthetic food chemicals.

 

At the turn of the 20th century, in the early 1900’s, man consumed approximately 3 pounds of sugar per year. We now consume about 140 pounds of raw sugar per year, which equates to 41 teaspoons per day. This doesn’t even take into consideration all of the refined flour, which, except for a small amount of nutritional value, converts to pure sugar (glucose) in the blood, which if not used immediately (burned as fuel), is stored, with the help of insulin, as fat (reserve fuel for our bodies). We also consume an inordinate amount of sugar (40 to 50 pounds per year) in the form of fructose (fruit sugar) and in lactose (milk sugar).

 

One hundred years ago there were approximately 50 different food products available for consumption. We now have over 500 products to choose from, most of them being of low nutritional value.

A very large percentage of the calories that we consume daily are derived from high sugar and refined flour products, making it very possible to be overweight and undernourished.

 

Empty calories are responsible for a great many of our worst diseases. It should be recognized that our “ Standard American Diet”, filled with empty calories and low nutritional value can be associated with tooth decay, obesity, Diabetes Mellitus , and many coronary diseases.

 

Our intention in writing this book is to offer to you, the reader, a tremendously viable diet plan. We wish to submit for your approval, a lifestyle change, “A Prescription for Wellness” that, if adopted will be the most effective and revealing diet that can be envisioned.

 

Within this book we will discuss many aspects involved in achieving “good health”, as opposed to “normal or average”. Our major premise is that if provided the opportunity our body’s intent is to function smoothly and efficiently. One’s responsibility is to provide one’s body with the means to thrive and survive: By providing the required nutrients (vitamins, minerals, proteins, amino acids, etc) and by not overburdening the body with harmful products which subvert it’s functioning (carbohydrates and sugars) we can allow our bodies the opportunity to perform their intended function, that of keeping all of our parts in perfect working order by establishing a homeostasis (perfect balance).

 

 

 

Acknowledgements:

 

I wish to thank Dr. Robert Atkins who attempted, throughout his life, to make people aware of the health imbalances that would occur if we continued to hold fast to the precepts of “The Standard American Diet”; A diet which adheres to a carbohydrate based food pyramid, does very little to improve the health of the masses, has become a financial empire, and is represented by powerful special interest groups. I also wish to commend Dr. Atkins for the innovative work that he initiated in controlling diabetes with changes in one’s diet.

We wish to dedicate this book to all of the people who are looking to achieve better heath and a renewed wellbeing. May the disclosure of this viable prescription for weight loss and improved health, be well understood and well received.

 

Forward / Mission

 

Our desire in writing this book is not only to give you a blueprint of an eating method capable of inducing weight lose, but to also describe how and why the body works, what foods it needs to accomplish certain wellness goals, which foods harm the body, and which foods are good for our continued health and well being. We wish to suggest an eating plan that will bring about many healthful changes to one’s entire bodily system, and allow one, as an indication of a successful prescription, to accomplish their desired weight loss goals, lower cholesterol, and help to stabilize sugar levels in a very satisfying manner.

 

Let us begin with the premise that every diet can produce weight loss: It then follows, that all diets are valid, all diets can work, exercise can work, starvation can work, and the idea that our bodies are a delicate balance of the calories that we burn vs. the calories that we consume is indeed true.

 If any diet can work, it seems reasonable to assume that one’s diet of choice should be one that allows you to eat enough food to avoid hunger, be easy to follow, be healthy, and accomplish your weight loss goals.

 

I have a picture in my mind, of a teepee of logs, hard wood stacked up and ready to burn. Instead of lighting these logs and producing a strong, hot fire I envision someone continually throwing little scraps of paper onto the base of the assembly, which burn but only give off a little light, a little heat, and by refusing to ignite the basic core, only a little strength.

 

Still, the person is happy, thinking that he or she has produced a “real fire”, however with just a little more planning and a bit more work they could have ignited those logs and their entire house would be heated, the whole room would be lit, and he or she would be able to utilize that tremendous fire for a vast multitude of purposes, some of which can not even be imagined.

We can accomplish so much more by not having to continually fuel our little fire with scraps, constantly worrying that it will go out, continually feeling that there must be something missing, but having no idea what it is.

 

This is exactly what we do when we eat sugar and to an equal extent carbohydrates, which turn to sugar when digested. High sugar consumption plays much responsibility in diabetes, heart disease, tooth decay, obesity, and many other debilitating diseases.

 

We can empower our body to burn cholesterol by depriving it of sugar and restricting carbohydrates; compelling it first to burn the most available fuel, the fats present in our blood stream. (Imagine no harmful excess fat in our arteries or veins, no more arteriosclerosis, no more hardening of the arteries, no more plack, no more high blood pressure, a better heart, better organ function, no more gout, no more bad circulation, a renewed stamina, better mental clarity and emotional stability, no more sugar induced “peaks and valleys”, a more manageable hunger (less cravings), and no more bad cholesterol.)

 

After the blood is purified, the body would then be forced to go into our storage supply, our fat deposits, for energy and we would start to burn off excess fat, which is of course what we intended to do in the first place. 

 

It has been shown that lypolisis (fat burning) will occur with in 2 to 3 days of sugar deprivation and carbohydrate restriction. Keytone Strips, when placed in the urinary stream, will turn varying shades of purple, indicating the level of fat melting that is being achieved.

By eliminating all sugars and restricting the amount of carbohydrates consumed to about 20 grams per day, lypolisis (fat melting) will occur: One should lose approximately 10 pounds within the first 2 weeks and then conservatively 10 pounds per month, which would equate to fifty or sixty pounds in 5 or 6 months and 100 to 120 pounds per year.

 

This weight reduction program is also easy and satisfying, because one never has to be hungry: There are literally no restrictions on the quantity of meat, fish, chicken, eggs, and cheese that may be consumed on this program and very few restrictions on vegetables.

HOW MUCH WEIGHT DO YOU WANT TO LOSE?

HOW GOOD DO YOU WANT TO FEEL?

 

Originally, I referred to this diet as the “Wellness Diet” but as time has passed and I have experienced the subtitles and the implications of the program it became obvious that it was far more than just a diet. It has, for me, precipitated dramatic lifestyle changes, and induced major attitude adjustments. My hopes are that my “Prescription for Wellness” will, as has been the case with many others, help you to achieve your weight loss and wellness goals.

Chapter I:

 

 “Prescription for Wellness”

 

We have been lied to:

Whether it be out of medical and nutritional ignorance, corporate influence and greed, or a combination of both we have been lied to;

In following traditional dietary recommendations we have been subjected to a poor health status, and a greatly reduced quality of life.

 

I wish to submit to you not a diet but a “Prescription for Wellness”:

A program that has for me, precipitated dramatic lifestyle changes, and induced major attitude adjustments.

May I share?

 

Ten years ago I was given a picture that had been taken of me. I realized that I had put on a couple of extra pounds but I had convinced myself that “I carried them well”. Somehow when I looked in the mirror I saw someone other than the true person staring back. The picture, however, made me realize the truth: that I was indeed very overweight, and I did not carry the extra pounds well.

 

I began cutting back on food portions, skipping meals, exercising, and many of the other things that one normally does, when attempting to lose weight. The combination of all of my attempts yielded very poor results.

 

One day, I heard of a remarkably unbelievable diet:

One in which I never had to be hungry, could eat almost all of my favorite entrees, had no restrictions on the amount of permissible foods to be eaten, and offered many health benefits in addition to those normally associated with weight loss.

I started this diet, following its precepts to the letter: Eating greater amounts of food, never allowing myself to be hungry, and snacking just to snack. Within six months I had lost sixty pounds, and felt very good throughout the entire process. I had a greater amount of energy, more emotional stability, a significant drop in cholesterol, and better health.

It seems that I am carbohydrate intolerant, which means that my body burns smaller amounts of sugars and carbohydrates than do those of some others. Excess amounts of sugars and carbohydrates store themselves as fat, (reserve fuel used to produce energy).

I remedied my situation by adjusting the intake of the offending foods, enabling my body to use my stored reserves (fat, see chapter 13) for energy, and I accomplished this without jeopardizing my health…To the contrary, my health and stamina improved.

Ten years later, I am on a modified version of this diet. I am adding enough additional carbohydrates to stabilize my weight, which is great ‘cause I enjoy breads, pasta, potatoes, and rice. The reality is however that sugars and refined carbohydrates have little or no nutritional value and are neither essential to ones health or survival.

I have established a “cut off point”, and do not allow myself to gain any more than ten pounds, before going back on the original diet. For example, one holiday season I could not bare the thought of not enjoying all of the tantalizing candies and baked goods that were available, so I threw caution to the wind and celebrated for a month. To my dismay, although expected, I put on an extra 10 pounds. I immediately went back on the original diet and within a month I had lost all of the extra weight.

This “prescription” should be adopted by anyone desiring a healthier dietary regime. The ability to satisfy one’s hunger, while controlling one’s weight, is reason enough to try this diet. However when one realizes the additional implications to this extremely healthy program, one may decide to not just “go on a diet”, but consider it to be a prudent lifestyle decision.

I invite you to further inspect my “Prescription for Wellness”. To consider the implications of the diet and to possibly, “give it a try”. My hopes and prayers are that it might afford you greater health and a renewed zest for life.

The primary reason for involving oneself in this program should be the desire for a better, healthier, happier, and more productive life. The weight loss will surely occur, but this should be seen as a secondary consideration, the least important result of the diet: A visual conformation that the “Prescription” is working. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter II:

 

Food Pyramid

 

Every five years, The USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) and DHHS (Department of Health and Human Services) release dietary guidelines that provide nutritional advice to Americans. These guidelines are meant to serve as the basis for the familiar "Food Guide Pyramid" (see figure below) that categorizes foods and suggests the number of servings people should eat from each food group.

The pyramid shape indicates the proportions that various food groups should contribute to daily consumption. For example, food groups at the wide base of the pyramid are to be eaten in greater quantity than food groups that appear toward the narrower top.

O

As one can see, the “favored” group (the base of the pyramid) is comprised of grains and baked goods (fillers).

 

Over the past two decades, dietary recommendations have emphasized the growing importance of consuming 6 to 11 servings of carbohydrates per day. As greater and greater amounts of high caloric, low nutritional foods (breads, pastas, potatoes, cereals, and rice) have been recommended to be ingested, the instances of obesity, diabetes, cardiac disease, general malaise, and poor heath conditions increase. Even the most traditional health care providers feel that the current guidelines promote an overconsumption of carbohydrates.

 

Dr. Atkins original diet, first proposed in the late sixties, eliminated the consumption of sugar and carbohydrates were limited to a maximum of 20 gram per day. Needless to say, his recommendations were met with great opposition and critism. (I strongly suggest a review of his publications and official website www.atkins.com )

 

His proposals set the Medical, Educational, and Nutritional establishment “on their ears”, not to mention the social and financial implications involved in suggesting that a diet based on refined carbohydrates and high sugar foods was an imperfect model that contributed to a myriad of catastrophic diseases.

 

The repercussions involved in turning the “Food Pyramid” upside down are immense; suggesting that a revision of the “Standard American Diet” be made; recommending that meats, eggs, chicken, seafood, and cheese should be the staples of the American Diet, rather than grains, sugars, and cereals is “earth shattering”. Imagine the enormous profits that would be lost if people decreased their consumption of breads, cereals, potatoes, corn, starchy vegetables, sugars, and deserts. (More than half of your grocery store is filled with these empty calorie, low nutritional foods.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revised food pyramid:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Text Box:                       
 
 
 
 

Chapter III:

Nutrition, the RDA, and Obesity

 

The recommended daily allowance for vitamins is that which the government considers are our minimum daily needs. It is based on the average amount of vitamins present in individuals not showing any overt signs of vitamin deficiency. This is the criterion, an “average of the average”, with no other medical or therapeutic considerations.

 

To say that we, in North America, are vitamin deficient is an understatement. One might safely assume that 99% of all Americans are deficient in one or more vitamins, as evidenced by the growing number of disease states in which people are afflicted.

 

As we attempt to survive and thrive, burdened with poor diets, high in calories and low in nutrients, consisting of so much “junk food” providing a gross amount of empty calories, our health is understandably suffering.

 

It has been recently reported that this has been the first year in history that the proposed life expectancy for future generations is less than that of the present.

 

This is greatly due to the incidence of childhood obesity, which has reached epidemic levels in the United States and throughout the world. Experts estimate that one in five children between the ages of 6 and 17 are overweight. Millions of these children face a higher risk, much earlier in life, of developing obesity-related disorders, such as diabetes and heart disease.

It is estimated that 15% of children are overweight and another 15% are at risk of becoming overweight, and that two thirds of these overweight kids will become overweight adults.

The
prevalence of overweight among children aged 6 to 11 has more than doubled in the past 20 years going from 7% in 1980 to 18.8% in 2004. The rate among adolescents aged 12 to 19 more than tripled, increasing from 5% to 17.1%. It is estimated 61% of overweight young people have at least one additional risk factor for heart disease, such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure. In addition, children who are overweight are at greater risk for bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems such as stigmatization and poor self-esteem. Overweight young people are more likely than children of normal weight to become overweight or obese adults, and therefore more at risk for associated adult health problems, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.

 

It is this author’s contention that it is impossible to eat enough food to provide oneself with the optimal amount of fortifying vitamins and necessary minerals to prevent disease and promote good health and longevity.

 

 In a Senate document, written in 1937, it was stated that “sufficient amounts of minerals were no longer found to be present in the soil, and therefore adequate amounts of minerals could no longer be expected to be found in our food”.

Plants cannot produce minerals, they must absorb them from the earth, which has become mineral poor due to modern farming practices, in which the soil is depleted and not replenished.

Whether one is on a diet or not one must support one’s nutritional requirements with the addition of dietary supplements. “The body needs what the body needs” and although we may be able to fool ourselves into believing that we are getting all of the nutrients that our body’s demand, without supplimentation this is impossible to achieve, and disease will occur.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter IV:

Diabetes:

Sugar and refined carbohydrates are undeniably linked to diabetes. Researchers around the world have come to the conclusion that the consumption of refined sugar is detrimental to the health of people without diabetes and disastrous for those with it. Furthermore, excess sugar in the blood can cause the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes is all about sugar; the sugar in our bodies known as blood sugar or blood glucose. Every cell in our bodies must have a constant source of glucose in order to fuel metabolism. Our cells use glucose to power processes such as growth and repair. When we eat a meal the digestive system converts much of our food into glucose, which is released into the bloodstream. The hormone insulin, which is secreted by the pancreas gland, moves glucose from the blood and funnels it into the cells so it can be used as fuel. If the cells are unable to get adequate amounts of glucose, they can literally starve to death. As they do, tissues and organs begin to degenerate.

 

v 16 million Americans have type 2 diabetes (6% of the population):

v 20% of the people over age 65 have diabetes:

v 13 million have "prediabetes":

v 1 in 3 people with diabetes don't know they have it:

v In children and teens, more than one-third of the new diabetes cases, are of the type 2 variety:

v The total cost of diabetes, in U.S. alone, is $98 billion:

 

 

 

 

Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure among adults. It causes mild to severe nerve damage that, coupled with diabetes-related circulation problems, often leads to the loss of a foot or leg. Diabetes significantly increases the risk of heart disease. And it's the sixth leading cause of death in the U.S., directly causing almost 70,000 deaths each year and contributing to thousands more.

Type 1 diabetes, once called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks and permanently disables the insulin-making cells in the pancreas. It affects about one million Americans.

The other form of diabetes, type 2 diabetes, tends to creep up on people, taking years to develop into full-blown diabetes. It begins when muscle and other cells stop responding to insulin's open-up-for-glucose signal. The body responds by making more and more insulin, essentially trying to ram blood sugar into cells. Eventually, the insulin-making cells get exhausted and begin to fail. If the spread of type 2 diabetes continues at its present rate, the number of people affected in the United States will increase from about 14 million in 1995 to 22 million in 2025. Worldwide, the number of adults with diabetes will rise from 135 million in 1995 to 300 million in the year 2025.

In addition to the 16 million adults with type 2 diabetes, another 13 million have "pre-diabetes."  This early warning sign is characterized by high blood sugar levels on a glucose tolerance test or a fasting glucose test. Whether pre-diabetes expands into full-blown type 2 diabetes is largely up to the individual. Information from several clinical trials strongly support the idea that type 2 diabetes is preventable. Excess weight is the single most important cause of type 2 diabetes. Being overweight increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes seven-fold. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than someone with a healthy weight. Losing 7-10% of your current weight can cut in half your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.

As any diabetic knows it is very dangerous when your “sugar gets too high”.  One can think of sugar as a necessary poison in our blood. Our cells depend on a single simple sugar, glucose, for most of their energy needs. That's why the body has intricate mechanisms in place to make sure glucose levels in the bloodstream don't go too low or soar too high. Dangerously high sugar levels force the body to, with the help of insulin, take the glucose from the blood and store it in a protective way (as fat) to be used for energy at a later time.

When you eat, most digestible carbohydrates are converted into glucose and rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream. Any rise in blood sugar signals the pancreas to make and release insulin. This hormone instructs cells to sponge up glucose. Without it, glucose floats around the bloodstream, unable to slip inside the cells that need it.

Diabetes occurs when the body can't make enough insulin or can't properly use the insulin it makes. If one consumes too much sugar and/or carbohydrates the body may be unable to produce enough insulin to correct excessive glucose levels and additional insulin supplementation will need to be initiated.

A low-carbohydrate diet provides the nutrients that people need without the excess carbohydrates that cause high blood sugar levels, that require high levels of insulin. Excessively high serum insulin levels are toxic to the body and carry a number of effects that reduce longevity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter V:

Vitamins:

Vitamins are nutrients you must get from food because your body can't make them from scratch.

Nutrition textbooks dryly define vitamins as organic compounds that the body needs in small quantities for normal functioning.13 compounds have been classified as vitamins.

There are two types of vitamins: fat soluble and water-soluble.

Fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) tend to accumulate in the body. They are stored in the fat tissues of your body and in your liver. When needed special carriers in your body transport them to the desired sites.

Water-soluble vitamins are different; the body does not store water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin C and the eight B vitamins-biotin, folate, niacin, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, thiamin, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12-dissolve in water, so excess amounts are excreted (they travel through one’s bloodstream and if not used are excreted thru the urine). Constant replenishment of water-soluble vitamins is imperative.

 

I do not believe that one can consume enough food, on a daily basis, to supply the body with the daily requirements of vitamins, and minerals needed to achieve optimal health. The idea of optimal health varies greatly from average or mediocre, which implies the average heart attack rate, the average amount of disease, the average cancer rate, and the average death rate. One should begin vitamin supplementation whether he or she is going to begin a diet or not.

 

It is well documented, and my contention that man’s genetic potential for longevity is between 120 to 140 years of age. This of course, can only be accomplished by providing the body with all that it requires, not depriving it of the vitamins and minerals that it demands. I am convinced that our bodies were created to function as a well tuned, constantly correcting, and continually healing miracle of nature.

 

 

 

 The "letter" vitamins sometimes go by different names.

 

These include:


Vitamin A = retinol, retinaldehyde, retinoic acid
Vitamin B1 = thiamin
Vitamin B2 = riboflavin
Vitamin B6 = pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine
Vitamin B12 = cobalamin
Vitamin C = ascorbic acid
Vitamin D = calciferol
Vitamin E = tocopherol, tocotrienol
Vitamin K = phylloquinone
 

The following is a listing of vitamins, offering a description of their importance, deficiency symptoms, a brief discussion of benefits, optimum intake suggestions, and rich-food sources:

 

 

 

Vitamin A:

(Beta Carotene, retinol, retinaldehyde, retinoic acid):

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Necessary for growth & repair of body tissues; helps maintain smooth, soft disease-free skin; helps protect the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat & lungs, thereby reducing susceptibility to infections; protects against air pollutants; counteracts night-blindness & weak eyesight; aids in bone and teeth formation. Current medical research shows that foods rich in Beta Carotene will help reduce the risk of lung cancer & certain oral cancers. Unlike Vitamin A from fish liver oil, Beta Carotene is non-toxic.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

May result in night blindness; increased susceptibility to infections; rough, dry, scaly skin; loss of smell & appetite; frequents fatigue; lack of tearing; defective teeth & gums' retarded growth.

Vitamin A:

This vitamin plays a large part in eyesight. Vitamin A helps you see in color, too, from the brightest yellow to the darkest purple. Vitamin A however does much more than help you see in the dark. It stimulates the production and activity of white blood cells, takes part in remodeling bone, helps maintain the health of endothelial cells (those lining the body's interior surfaces), and regulates cell growth and division. In addition, it helps one grow properly and aids in healthy skin.

 

Optimal Intake:

The current recommended intake of vitamin A is 5,000 IU for men and 4,000 IU for women. Many breakfast cereals, juices, dairy products, and other foods are fortified with vitamin A. Many fruits and vegetables, and some supplements, also contain beta-carotene and other vitamin A precursors, which the body can turn into vitamin A. Intake of up to 10,000 IU, twice the current recommended daily level, is thought to be safe.

 

Foods rich in vitamin A are as follows:

  • Milk fortified with vitamin A
  • Liver
  • Orange fruits and vegetables (cantaloupe, carrots, & sweet potatoes)
  • Dark green leafy vegetables (kale, collards, spinach)

 

B Vitamins and Heart Disease

 

There's more than one B vitamin: B1, B2, B6, B12, niacin, folic acid, biotin, and pantothenic acid.

The B vitamins are important in metabolic activity; they help make energy and set it free when your body needs it. This group of vitamins is also involved in making red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout your body. Every part of your body needs oxygen to work properly, so these B vitamins have a really important job.

Foods are rich in vitamin B are as follows:

  • Whole grains, such as wheat and oats
  • Fish and seafood
  • Poultry and meats
  • Eggs
  • Dairy products, like milk and yogurt
  • Leafy green vegetables

Folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 play key roles in recycling homocysteine into methionine, one of the 20 or so building blocks from which the body builds new proteins. Without enough folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12, this recycling process becomes inefficient and homocysteine levels increase. High levels of homocysteine are associated with increased risks of heart disease and stroke. Increasing the intake of folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 decreases homocysteine levels

VITAMIN B-1 (Thiamin)

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Plays a key role in the body's metabolic cycle for generating energy; aids in the digestion of carbohydrates; essential for the normal functioning of the nervous system, muscles & heart; stabilizes the appetite; promotes growth & good muscle tone.

 

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May lead to the loss of appetite; weakness & feeling tired; paralysis & nervous irritability; insomnia; loss of weight; vague aches & pains; mental depression & constipation; heart & gastrointestinal problems.

 

 

 

VITAMIN B-2 (Riboflavin):

 

 Necessary for carbohydrate, fat & protein metabolism; aids in the formation of antibodies and red blood cells; maintains cell respiration; necessary for the maintenance of good vision, skin, nails & hair; alleviates eye fatigue; promotes general health.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

 May result in itching and burning eyes; cracks and sores in the mouth & lips; bloodshot eyes; purplish tongue; dermatitis; retarded growth; digestive disturbances; trembling; sluggishness; oily skin.

 

 

Vitamin B-3 (NIACINAMIDE/Niacin)

 

IMPORTANCE:

Improves circulation and reduces the cholesterol level in the blood; maintains the nervous system; helps metabolize protein, sugar & fat; reduces high blood pressure; increases energy through proper utilization of food; prevents pellagra; helps maintain a healthy skin, tongue & digestive system.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in pellagra, gastrointestinal disturbance, nervousness, headaches, fatigue, mental depression, vague aches & pains, irritability, loss of appetite, insomnia, skin disorders, muscular weakness, indigestion, bad breathe, canker sores.

 

Vitamin B6: 

      (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine)

 

 

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Necessary for the synthesis & breakdown of amino acids, the building blocks of protein; aids in fat and carbohydrate metabolism, the formation of antibodies; maintains the central nervous system, aids in the removal of excess fluid of premenstrual women, promotes healthy skin, reduces muscle spasms, leg cramps, hand numbness, nausea & stiffness of hands, helps maintain a proper balance of sodium & phosphorous in the body.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

 May result in nervousness, insomnia, skin eruptions, loss of muscular control, anemia, mouth disorders, muscular weakness, dermatitis, arm & leg cramps, loss of hair, slow learning, and water retention.

 

Vitamin B6:

A healthy diet should include 1.3 to 1.7 milligrams of vitamin B6. Higher doses have been tested as a treatment for conditions ranging from premenstrual syndrome to attention deficit disorder and carpal tunnel syndrome.

                                                                                      

VITAMIN B-12 (Cobalamin)

IMPORTANCE:

Helps in the formation & regeneration of red blood cells, thus helping prevent anemia; necessary for carbohydrate, fat & protein metabolism; maintains a healthy nervous system; promotes growth in children; increases energy; needed for Calcium absorption.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

May lead to pernicious anemia, poor appetite, and growth failure in children, tiredness, brain damage, nervousness, neuritis, and degeneration of spinal cord, depression, lack of balance.

Vitamin B12 Recommendations:

The current recommended intake for vitamin B12 is 6 micrograms per day. Barely 100 years ago, a lack of vitamin B12 was the cause of a common and deadly disease called pernicious anemia. Its symptoms include memory loss, disorientation, hallucinations, and tingling in the arms and legs. Although full-blown pernicious anemia is less common today, it is still often diagnosed in older people who have difficulty absorbing vitamin B12 from food. It's also possible that some people diagnosed with dementia or Alzheimer's disease are actually suffering from the more reversible vitamin B12 deficiency

PANTOTHENIC ACID

 

IMPORTANCE:

Participates in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats & protein, aids in the utilization of vitamins; improves the body's resistance to stress; helps in cell building & the development of the central nervous system; helps the adrenal glands, fights infections by building antibodies

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May lead to painful & burning feet, skin abnormalities, retarded growth, dizzy spells, digestive disturbances, vomiting, restlessness, stomach stress, muscle cramps

 

 

BIOTIN:

IMPORTANCE:

 

Aids in the utilization of protein, folic acid, Pantothenic acid, and Vitamin B-12, promotes healthy hair.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May lead to extreme exhaustion, drowsiness, muscle pain, and loss of appetite, depression, and grayish skin color.

 

FOLIC ACID:

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Necessary for DNA & RNA synthesis, which is essential for the growth and reproduction of all body cells; essential to the formation of red blood cells by its action on the bone marrow; aids in amino acid metabolism.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

May result in gastrointestinal disorders, anemia, Vitamin B-12 deficiency, and pre-mature gray hair.

Folic Acid and Cancer

In addition to recycling homocysteine, folate plays a key role in building DNA, the complex compound that forms our genetic blueprint. Observational studies show that people who get higher than average amounts of folic acid from their diets or supplements have lower risks of colon cancer and breast cancer. This could be especially important for those who drink alcohol, since alcohol blocks the absorption of folic acid and inactivates circulating folate. A high intake of folic acid blunts the increased risk of breast cancer seen among women who have more than one alcoholic drink a day.

Optimal Intake:

The current recommended intake for folic acid is 400 micrograms per day. There are many excellent sources of folic acid, including prepared breakfast cereals, beans, and fortified grains.

One of the advances that changed the way we look at vitamins is the discovery that too little folic acid, one of the eight B vitamins, is linked to birth defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly. Getting too little folic acid increases a woman's chances of having a baby with spina bifida or anencephaly and enough folic acid could prevent these birth defects.
 

Enough folic acid, at least 400 micrograms a day, isn't always easy to get from food. That's why women of childbearing age are urged to take extra folic acid. It's also why the US Food and Drug Administration now requires that folic acid be added to most enriched breads, flour, cornmeal, pastas, rice, and other grain products, along with the iron and other micronutrients that have been added for years. Folic acid and two other B vitamins may also help to fight heart disease and some types of cancer.

 

 

INOSITOL:

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Necessary for the formation of lecithin; aids in the breakdown of fats; helps reduce blood cholesterol; helps prevent thinning hair.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in high blood cholesterol, constipation, eczema, and hair loss.

 

CHOLINE:

IMPORTANCE:

 

Very important in controlling fat & cholesterol buildup in the body; prevents fat from accumulating in the liver; facilitates the movement of fats in the cells; helps regulate the kidneys, liver & gallbladder; important for nerve transmission; helps improve memory.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in cirrhosis and fatty degeneration of the liver, hardening of the arteries, heart problems, and high blood pressure, hemorrhaging kidneys.

 

 

 

PABA (Para Amino Benzoic Acid)

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Aids healthy bacteria in producing folic acid; aids in the formation of red blood cells; contains sun screening properties; aids in the assimilation of Pantothenic acid; returns hair to its natural color.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May cause extreme fatigue, eczema, irritability, depressions, nervousness, constipation, headaches, digestive disorders, and hair turning prematurely gray.

 

VITAMIN C (Ascorbic Acid)

 

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Essential for healthy teeth, gums & bones; helps heal wounds, scar tissue, & fractures, prevents scurvy, builds resistance to infection, aids in the prevention & treatment of the common cold, gives strength to blood vessels, aids in the absorption of iron. It is required for the synthesis of collagen, the intercellular "cement" which holds tissues together. It is also one of the major antioxidant nutrients. It prevents the conversion of nitrates (from tobacco smoke, smog, bacon, lunch meats, & some vegetables) into cancer-causing substances. According to Dr. Linus Pauling, the foremost authority on Vitamin C, Vitamin C will decrease the risk of getting certain cancers by 75%.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

May lead to soft & bleeding gums, swollen or painful joints, slow-healing wounds & fractures, bruising, nosebleeds, tooth decay, loss of appetite, muscular weakness, skin hemorrhages, capillary weakness, anemia, impaired digestion.

Vitamin C:

Vitamin C has been in the public eye for a long time. Even before its discovery in 1932, nutrition experts recognized that something in citrus fruits could prevent scurvy, a disease that killed as many as 2 million sailors between 1500 and 1800. Vitamin C plays a major role in controlling infections. Nobel laureate Linus Pauling promoted daily megadoses of vitamin C (the amount in 12 to 24 oranges) as a way to prevent colds and protect the body from other chronic diseases; it is also a powerful antioxidant that can neutralize harmful free radicals, and it helps make collagen, a tissue needed for healthy bones, teeth, gums, and blood vessels.

Optimal Intake:

 

 The current recommended dietary intake for vitamin C is 90 mg for men and 75 mg for women (add an extra 35 mg for smokers). As the evidence continues to unfold, 200 to 300 mg of vitamin C a day appears to be a good target. Linus Pauling purported massive doses, of up to 10.000 mg to be taken to alleviate severe disease states and 2 to 3.000 mg. as a maintenance dose.

Foods rich in vitamin C are as follows:

  • Citrus fruits, like oranges
  • Cantaloupe
  • Strawberries
  • Tomatoes
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Kiwi fruit
  • Sweet red peppers


Vitamin D (Calciferol):

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Improves absorption and utilization of Calcium and Phosphorous; required for bone and teeth formation; maintains a stable nervous system and normal heart action.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

May lead to rickets, tooth decay, softening of bones, improper healing of fractures, lack of vigor, muscular weakness, and inadequate absorption of calcium, retention of phosphorous in the kidneys.

If you live north of the line connecting San Francisco to Philadelphia, odds are you don't get enough vitamin D. The same holds true if you don't, or can't, get outside for at least a 15-minute daily walk in the sun.

Vitamin D helps ensure that the body absorbs and retains calcium and phosphorus, both critical for building bone. Laboratory studies also show that vitamin D keeps cancer cells from growing and dividing.

Some preliminary studies indicate that insufficient intake of vitamin D is associated with an increased risk of fractures, and that vitamin D supplementation may prevent them. Other early studies suggest an association between low vitamin D intake and increased risks of prostate, breast, colon, and other cancers.

Optimal Intake:

The current recommended intake of vitamin D is 5 micrograms up to age 50, 10 micrograms between the ages of 51 and 70, and 15 micrograms after age 70. Very few foods naturally contain vitamin D. Good sources include dairy products and breakfast cereals (which are fortified with vitamin D), and fatty fish such as salmon and tuna. For most people, the best way to get the recommended daily intake is by taking a multivitamin.
 

Which foods are rich in vitamin D?

  • Milk fortified with vitamin D
  • Fish
  • Egg yolks Liver
  • Fortified cereal

Vitamin E (Tocopherol, Tocotrienol):

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Major anti-oxidant nutrient; retards cellular aging due to oxidation; supplies oxygen to the blood which is then carried to the heart and other organs; thus alleviating fatigue; aids in bringing nourishment to cells; strengthens the capillary walls & prevents the red blood cells from destructive poisons; prevents & dissolves blood clots; has also been used by doctors in helping prevent sterility, muscular dystrophy, calcium deposits in blood walls and heart conditions. Everybody needs E. This hard-working vitamin maintains a lot of your body's tissues, like the ones in your eyes, skin, and liver. It protects your lungs from becoming damaged by polluted air. And it is important for the formation of red blood cells. Promising observational studies, suggest that a 20% to 40% reduction in coronary heart disease risk among individuals can be achieved with vitamin E supplements (usually containing 400 IU or more) for least two years.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May lead to a rupture of red blood cells, loss of reproductive powers, lack of sexual vitality, abnormal fat deposits in muscles, degenerative changes in the heart and other muscles; dry skin.  

Optimal Intake:

The recommended daily intake of vitamin E from food now stands at 15 milligrams from food. That's the equivalent of 22 IU from natural-source vitamin E or 33 IUs of the synthetic form. Evidence from observational studies suggests that at least 400 to 800 IU of vitamin E per day are needed for optimal health. Since standard multivitamins usually contain around 30 IU, a separate vitamin E supplement is needed to achieve this level.
 

Which foods are rich in vitamin E?

  • Whole grains, such as wheat and oats
  • Wheat germ
  • Leafy green vegetables
  • Sardines
  • Egg yolks

          Nuts and seeds

Vitamin K (Phylloquinone):

Vitamin K is the clot master!
Vitamin K helps make six of the 13 proteins needed for blood clotting. Its role in maintaining the clotting cascade is so important that people who take anticoagulants such as warfarin (Coumadin) must be careful to keep their vitamin K intake stable.

Lately, researchers have demonstrated that vitamin K is also involved in building bone. Low levels of circulating vitamin K have been linked with low bone density, and supplementation with vitamin K shows improvements in biochemical measures of bone health. Women who get at least 110 micrograms of vitamin K a day are 30% less likely to break a hip as women who get less than that. Eating a serving of lettuce or other green leafy vegetable a day cut the risk of hip fracture in half when compared with eating one serving a week. Data shows an association between high vitamin K intake and reduced risk of hip fracture.

Optimal Intake:

The recommended daily intake for vitamin K is 80 micrograms for men and 65 for women. Because this vitamin is found in so many foods, especially green leafy vegetables and commonly used cooking oils, most adults get enough of it. According to a 1996 survey, though, a substantial number of Americans, particularly children and young adults, aren't getting the vitamin K they need.
 

Which foods are rich in vitamin K?

  • Leafy green vegetables
  • Dairy products, like milk and yogurt
  • Broccoli
  • Soybean oil

Antioxidants

Our cells must constantly contend with nasty substances called free radicals. They can damage DNA, the inside or artery walls, and proteins in the eye--just about any substance or tissue imaginable. Some are made inside the body, inevitable byproducts of turning food into energy. Others come from the air we breathe and the food we eat.

We aren't defenseless against free radicals. We extract free-radical fighters, called antioxidants, from food. Fruits, vegetables, and other plant-based foods deliver dozens, if not hundreds, of antioxidants. The most common are vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene and related carotenoids. Food also supplies minerals such as selenium and manganese, which are needed by enzymes that destroy free radicals.

During the 1990s, the term antioxidants became a huge nutritional “buzz word”. They were promoted as wonder agents that could prevent heart disease, cancer, cataracts, memory loss, and a host of other conditions.
 Ongoing trials of other antioxidants, such as lutein and zeaxanthin for macular degeneration and lycopene for prostate cancer, are underway.

While most people get enough vitamins to avoid the classic deficiency diseases, relatively few get enough of five key vitamins that may be important in preventing several chronic diseases.

These include:

  • Folic acid
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E

 

CHAPTER VI:

Enzymes, Cofactors, and Coenzymes:

Enzymes

Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (accelerate) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process are called substrates, and the enzyme converts them into different molecules, the products. Almost all processes in a biological cell need enzymes in order to occur at significant rates. Since enzymes are extremely selective for their substrates and speed up only a few reactions from among many possibilities, the set of enzymes made in a cell determines which metabolic pathways occur in that cell.

Cofactors

Some enzymes do not need any additional components to show full activity. However, others require non-protein molecules called cofactors to be bound for activity. Cofactors can be either inorganic (metal ions and iron-sulfur clusters) or organic compounds, (flavin and heme). Organic cofactors can be either prosthetic groups, which are tightly bound to an enzyme, or coenzymes, which are released from the enzyme's active site during the reaction. Coenzymes include NADH, NADPH and adenosine triphosphate. These molecules act to transfer chemical groups between enzymes.

 

Coenzymes

 

Space-filling model of the coenzyme NADH

 

Coenzymes are small organic molecules that transport chemical groups from one enzyme to another. Some of these chemicals such as riboflavin, thiamine and folic acid are vitamins and cannot be made in the body and must be acquired from the diet.

 

The following Co-Enzyme is of significant importance:

Coenzyme Q-10 plays an important role in the production of energy within each cell of the human body.

Coenzyme Q-10 (Ubiquinone) is a naturally occurring cofactor in the electron transport chain, the biochemical pathway in cellular respiration, from which ATP and most of the body's energy are derived. Co Q-10 is considered essential for the health of all the body's cells, tissues, and organs. Coenzyme Q10 is found in every cell in the human body and is key to the process that produces 95% of the energy consumed at the cellular level.

Coenzyme Q-10 acts as part of another class of substances, known as enzymes. These important compounds are proteins found in plants, animals, and humans, all living things. Their role is to facilitate (to act as catalysts), in countless chemical reactions that take place in the human body. In essence, they make reactions happen without themselves being consumed in the reaction. When calcium is turned into bone, an enzyme makes the reaction possible, but the enzyme itself does not end up becoming part of the bone. When we digest our food, when we flex a muscle, when our heart beats, in some way an enzyme is playing a key role.

Enzymes consist of two parts, a protein portion made up of one of a variety of amino acids, and a cofactor portion that is either a mineral (like calcium, magnesium, or zinc) or a vitamin. When a vitamin, the vitamin is called a coenzyme.

Coenzyme Q10 is a naturally occurring vitamin-like molecule that has a structure similar to vitamin K. As part of an enzyme, it acts as a catalyst in the vital biochemical pathway that leads to cellular energy production. Specifically, every cell must have a special substance known as ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which provides all the cell's energy. The energy obtained from the food we eat is used to make this fuel for the cells, and when a cell needs energy, it breaks the bonds that hold the ATP molecule together. When this chemical bond is broken, it releases energy equivalent to approx. 7,000 calories, more than twice the energy a person consumes in an entire day. However, the body, at any given time, only stores enough ATP to sustain vigorous activity for 5 - 8 minutes. Thus, ATP must be produced constantly, and for this ATP to be produced, there must be a ready supply of CoQ10.

This explains why, in particular, COQ10 is found in high concentrations in muscle cells and especially in the muscles that form the heart - because the heart is constantly in motion, it creates a great demand for energy, and at the same time, a need for the CoQ10 to create it.

Various studies have found that as we age our body's supply of CoQ10 slowly diminishes. Clearly, it is beneficial to provide the body with an adequate supply of this important nutrient.

Coenzyme Q-10 is an important part of the "anti-oxidant network". Isolated in its pure form in 1957, researchers have found it to be an essential substance in cell respiration, electron transfer, and the control of oxidation reactions. A recent review of its therapeutic benefits suggests CoEnzyme Q10 may become a standard therapy for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, including angina pectoris and congestive heart falure. CoEnzyme Q10 deficiency has been reported in 60% to 96% of patients with gingivitis. Deficient levels of CoEnzyme Q10 have been found in diabetes mellitus, periodontal disease and muscular dystrophy. No serious side effects have been reported with long-term clinical use of CoEnzyme Q10.

 Cardiovascular disease is still the largest killer of both men and women in the US. More than 950, 000 Americans die of heart disease and stroke every year, accounting for more deaths than cancer, accidents and AIDS combined.

CoQ-10 is the world's most comprehensive cardiovascular support supplement. It is also the best selling cardio-vascular prescription drug in Japan. It is widely recommended to repair heart damage and to boost the function of the heart, as well as in preventative use to safeguard against heart attacks and valve damage. It has also been shown to be

beneficial in breast and lung cancer, as well as helping to maintain cognitive function.

Although Coenzyme Q does occur naturally in all fruits and vegetables, it is difficult to get enough of it on a daily basis from food alone. Men who have proven coronary heart disease should consider taking 300mg of coenzyme Q a day, as should women with breast cancer, since this dosage has been shown to increase survival times in women with that disease.

CoQ-10 is an enzyme found in all cells of the body. It occurs naturally, and is the co-factor in the electron transport chain between cells. If it is lacking, the body's most important source of cellular energy is depleted, and many medical conditions are aggravated. It is most concentrated in the heart and liver, and is a vital component in the mitochondria, the body's metabolic factories.

It is a powerful antioxidant, scavenging free radicals, sitting in the membranes with Vitamin E, which it recycles to keep it most active.

 

It has been shown that enhancing the body's CoQ-10 can:

Ø      Reduce many of the serious side effects of cholesterol and other prescription drugs such as Adriamycin, beta-blockers and psychiatric drugs.   

Ø     Reduce the effects of aging    

Ø     Aid in the recovery from a wide range of heart problems including angina pectoris, congestive heart failure and mitral valve prolapse.    

Ø     Can reduce blood pressure and blood lipids at 60 mg day.    

Ø     Assists chronic fatigue sufferers when administered at 100 to 300 mg per day.   

Ø     Assists in weight loss by stimulating mitochondria and thermogenic activity 

Ø     Treating chronic gum disease

Ø     Building a strong immune system as a defense against all forms of disease

Ø     May normalize blood sugar levels   

Ø     Help maintain a healthy brain

 

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is produced by the human body and is necessary for the basic functioning of cells. CoQ10 levels are reported to decrease with age and to be low in patients with some chronic diseases such as heart conditions, muscular dystrophies, Parkinson's disease, cancer, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS. Some prescription drugs may also lower CoQ10 levels.

CO-Q-10 offers many benefits. The “RDA recommended dose” is 30 mg. but a minimum dosage of 100mg. is needed for sever medicinal applications.

As with all things, any therapies should be discussed with your doctor prior to beginning.

 

CARDIOVASCULAR ENHANCER

Co-enzyme Q-10 is a fat soluble vitamin-like substance that is found in minute amounts in a variety of foods and although it is synthesized in all tissues, it is found in greater percentages in the heart muscle.
Coenzyme Q-10 plays an important role in the production of energy within each cell of the human body. Co-enzymes are co-factors upon which large and complex enzymes absolutely depend for their function.

Co-Q-10 is the Co-enzyme for at least three mitochondrial enzymes, (mitochondria are the power-plants of cells) as well as enzymes in other parts of the cell. Mitochondrial enzymes are essential for the production of the high-energy phosphate, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), upon which all cellular functions depend. Co-Q-10 is critical in the Electron and Proton transfer function, fundamental to all life forms - animals, plants and bacteria. 

CoQ10 is known to be highly concentrated in heart muscle cells due to the high-energy requirements of this cell type. Specifically, congestive heart failure has been strongly correlated with significantly low blood and tissue levels of CoQ10. The severity of heart failure correlates with the severity of CoQ10 deficiency. CoQ10 appears to be a major treatable factor in the otherwise inexorable progression of heart failure

Disease states that involve immune dysfunction have been recognized to have low levels of Co-Q-10. Q-10 is a powerful antioxidant and can greatly reduce oxidative damage to tissues as well as inhibit oxidation of LDL cholesterol. Co-Q-10 protects the mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell, from free radical damage.

Co-Q-10 is “LIFE FORCE”: 

Evidence supports positive results with the use of Co-Q10 involving various disease states:

 
 
Ø     High blood pressure (hypertension)

Preliminary research suggests that CoQ10 causes small decreases in blood pressure (systolic and possibly diastolic). Low blood levels of CoQ10 have been found in people with hypertension, although it is not clear if CoQ10 "deficiency" is a cause of high blood pressure. CoQ10 is less commonly used to treat hypertension than it is for other heart conditions such as congestive heart failure.

Ø    Alzheimer's disease

Promising preliminary evidence from human research suggests that CoQ10 supplements may slow down, but not cure, dementia in people with Alzheimer's disease.

 

Ø     Angina (chest pain from clogged heart arteries)
 

Preliminary small human studies suggest that CoQ10 may reduce angina and improve exercise tolerance in people with clogged heart arteries.

 

 

Ø    Anthracycline chemotherapy heart toxicity

Heart damage (cardiomyopathy) is a major concern with the use of anthracyclines, and CoQ10 has been suggested to protect the heart.

 

Ø    Breast cancer

Several studies in women with breast cancer report reduced levels of CoQ10 in diseased breast tissue or blood.

Ø    Cardiomyopathy (dilated, hypertrophic)

Some studies report improved heart function (ejection fraction, stroke volume, cardiac index, exercise tolerance).

Ø    Exercise performance

The effects of CoQ10 on exercise performance have been tested in athletes, normal healthy individuals, and in people with chronic lung disease.

Ø     Gum disease (periodontitis)

Preliminary human studies suggest possible benefits of CoQ10 taken by mouth or placed on the skin or gums in the treatment of periodontitis. Improvements in bleeding, swelling, and pain are reported.

Ø     Heart attack (acute myocardial infarction)

There is preliminary human study of CoQ10 given to patients within three days after a heart attack. Reductions in deaths, abnormal heart rhythms, and second heart attacks are reported

Ø     Heart conditions (mitral valve prolapse in children)

There is early data to support the use of CoQ10 in children with mitral valve prolapse.

Ø     Heart failure

Several studies have shown benefits of coenzyme Q10 in people who have been diagnosed with chronic heart failure (with or without cardiomyopathy), including in transplant recipients. Some studies report improved heart function (ejection fraction, stroke volume, cardiac index, exercise tolerance). In some parts of Europe, Russia, and Japan, CoQ10 is considered a part of standard therapy for congestive heart failure patients.

Ø     Heart protection during surgery

Several studies suggest that the function of the heart may be improved after major heart surgeries such as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or valve replacement when CoQ10 is given to patients before or during surgery.

Ø    HIV/AIDS

There is limited evidence that natural levels of CoQ10 in the body may be reduced in people with HIV/AIDS.

Ø    Increasing sperm count (idiopathic spermatozoa)

There is early evidence that supports the use of CoQ10 in the treatment of increasing sperm count and motility.

Ø    Kidney failure

There is initial data from one small trial to support the use of CoQ10 in the treatment of kidney (renal) failure.

Ø    Migraine

There is fair evidence to support the use of CoQ10 treatment in migraine prevention or treatment.

Ø    Mitochondrial diseases and Kearns-Sayre syndrome

COQ10 is often recommended for patients with mitochondrial diseases, including myopathies, encephalomyopathies, and Kearns-Sayre syndrome. Several early studies report improvements in metabolism and physical endurance in patients with these conditions after treatment with CoQ10.

Ø    Muscular dystrophies

Preliminary studies in patients with muscular dystrophy taking COQ10 supplements describe improvements in exercise capacity, heart function, and overall quality of life.

Ø    Parkinson's disease

 

There is promising human evidence for the use of CoQ10 in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain in which patients develop tremor, slowness of movement and stiffness of muscles. It affects approximately 1 percent of Americans over the age of 65. Although certain drugs, such as levodopa, can reduce the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, no treatment has been shown to slow the progressive deterioration in function.

A national clinical trial with 80 Parkinson's disease patients has shown that high dosages of a naturally occurring compound, coenzyme Q10, slowed by 44 percent the progressive deterioration in function that occurs in the disease. The greatest benefit was seen in everyday activities such as feeding, dressing, bathing and walking. 

Mitochondria produce the energy-containing molecules that supply energy to chemical reactions in cells; coenzyme Q10 plays an integral role in that process. Mitochondrial function is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease and coenzyme Q10 levels are reduced in the mitochondria of Parkinsonian patients. In an animal model of Parkinson's disease Coenzyme Q10 was found to protect the part of the brain affected by the disorder. Coenzyme Q10 is also a potent antioxidant.

Coenzyme Q10 plays a crucial role in normal mitochondrial function both as a component of the electron transport chain, which makes cellular energy and as a molecule with antioxidant and pro-oxidant properties. Tissue coenzyme Q10 levels fall with aging. The normal lower levels of Coenzyme Q10 in older individuals may be a contributing factor in the progression of some diseases of aging.

Ø    Diabetes

Preliminary evidence suggests that CoQ10 does not affect blood sugar levels in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and does not alter the need for diabetes medications (Co-Q-10 does not help diabetes per se but diabetics can certainly take it without apprehension).

Uses based on tradition or theory

The below uses are based on tradition or scientific theories. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and should be evaluated by a qualified healthcare provider.

Abnormal heart rhythms, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), antioxidant, asthma, atherosclerosis, Bell's palsy, blood flow disorders, breathing difficulties, cancer, cerebellar ataxia, chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), deafness, gingivitis, hair loss (and hair loss from chemotherapy), heart irregular beats, hepatitis B, high cholesterol, immune system diseases, infertility, insomnia, kidney failure, leg swelling (edema), life extension, liver enlargement or disease, lung cancer, lung disease, macular degeneration, MELAS syndrome, metastatic disease, MIDD (maternally inherited diabetes mellitus and deafness), muscle wasting, nutrition, obesity, Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome, physical performance, prevention of muscle damage from "statin" cholesterol-lowering drugs, psychiatric disorders, QT-interval shortening; reduction of phenothiazine drug side effects, reduction of tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) drug side effects, stomach ulcer, swelling.

Drugs used to treat elevated cholesterol levels, also block the biosynthesis of Co-Q-10 in the heart muscle, where it is needed most.

 

Chapter VII:

Minerals

Minerals are something that you find in the earth, but small amounts of some minerals are also in foods (red meat is a good source of iron, etc). Like vitamins, minerals help your body to grow, develop, function properly, and stay healthy. The body uses minerals to perform many different functions: building strong bones, transmitting nerve impulses, making certain hormones, and in maintaining a normal heartbeat.

There are two kinds of minerals: macro minerals (large) and trace minerals (small). The macro mineral group is made up of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and sulfur. Our bodies require larger amounts of macro minerals than they do trace minerals. Trace minerals include iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, and selenium.

Because your body requires nearly two thirds of all the elements currently known to man in order to maintain health, keeping these minerals in balance is a complex yet incredibly vital task. The events of everyday living demand a continual ingestion of minerals.
Perhaps that is why an estimated 90% of Americans suffer a mineral deficiency or imbalance.

Unfortunately in today's world, naturally occurring, nutrient-rich foods are becoming a thing of the past. Eons of vegetation growth and aggressive modern farming techniques have brought many of the
earth's minerals to the surface where they have been
washed away to the oceans.

Chemical and electrical processes are occurring within your body at every moment. Processes that can only function correctly if the proper balance of minerals is continually being supplied to your system. Iron for your blood, sulfur for your muscles, calcium for your bones, and an aggregation of many other elements in balanced trace amounts to ensure the proper function of your body. The fact that the minerals are in a similar proportion as healthy, living matter is a key.

One might wonder why, except for the health benefits and enhanced metabolic function; minerals should be discussed in this book on diets. The answer to that is “pica”, not the print, but a situation that occurs when the body is lacking certain minerals and is not aware of what it needs, but is acutely aware that something is missing and tries to satisfy that need by uncontrollably eating. This can be demonstrated by a cow chewing on bones, a goat gnawing on a can, a horse eating a wooden fence, a pregnant woman, having minerals stripped from her by her fetus, displaying unbelievable “cravings for exotic foods”, and a person getting up in the middle of the night to get something to eat when they shouldn’t even be hungry.

The following are some minerals, their function, and some food sources:

 Our bodies require larger amounts of macro minerals than they do trace minerals. Trace minerals include calcium, iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, and selenium.

Macro Minerals:

Calcium

Calcium is the top macro mineral when it comes to your bones. This mineral helps build strong healthy bones, and teeth.

Foods rich in calcium are:

  • Dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt
  • Canned salmon and sardines with bones
  • Leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli
  • Calcium-fortified foods - from orange juice to cereals and crackers

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Builds and maintains bones and teeth, regulates heart rhythm, eases insomnia, helps regulate the passage of nutrients in & out of the cell walls, assists in normal blood clotting, helps maintain proper nerve and muscle function, lowers blood pressure, important to normal kidney function and in current medical research reduces the incidence of colon cancer, and reduces blood cholesterol levels.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in arm and leg muscles spasms, softening of bones, back and leg cramps, brittle bones, rickets, poor growth, osteoporosis (a deterioration of the bones), tooth decay, depression.

 

Phosphorus:

Phosphorus is an essential mineral that is required by every cell in the body for normal function. The majority of the phosphorus in the body is found as phosphate (PO4). Approximately 85% of the body's phosphorus is found in bone.

Function

Phosphorus is a major structural component of bone in the form of a calcium phosphate salt called hydroxyapatite. Phospholipids are major structural components of cell membranes. All energy production and storage are dependent on phosphorylated compounds, such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and creatine phosphate. Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA), which are responsible for the storage and transmission of genetic information, are long chains of phosphate-containing molecules. A number of enzymes, hormones, and cell-signaling molecules depend on phosphorylation for their activation. Phosphorus also helps to maintain normal acid-base balance (pH) by acting as one of the body's most important buffers. Additionally, the phosphorus-containing molecule binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells and affects oxygen delivery to the tissues of the body .

 

Deficiency

Inadequate phosphorus intake results in abnormally low serum phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia). The effects of hypophosphatemia may include loss of appetite, anemia, muscle weakness, bone pain, rickets (in children), osteomalacia (in adults), increased susceptibility to infection, numbness and tingling of the extremities, and difficulty walking. Severe hypophosphatemia may result in death. Because phosphorus is so widespread in food, dietary phosphorus deficiency is usually seen only in cases of near-total starvation. Other individuals at risk of hypophosphatemia include alcoholics, diabetics recovering from an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis, and starving or anorexic patients on refeeding regimens that are high in calories but too low in phosphorus.

 

 

 

Sodium:

 

Sodium is the primary electrolyte that regulates the extra cellular fluid levels in the body. Sodium is essential for hydration because this mineral pumps water into the cell. In turn, potassium pumps the by-products of cellular processes out of the cell, eventually eliminating these "wastes" from the body.

In addition to maintaining water balance, sodium is necessary for osmotic equilibrium, acid-base balance and regulation of plasma volume, nerve impulses and muscle contractions.

 

Potassium:

Potassium is an essential dietary mineral and electrolyte. The term electrolyte refers to a substance that dissociates into ions (charged particles) in solution, making it capable of conducting electricity. Normal body function depends on tight regulation of potassium concentrations both inside and outside of cells.

Function

 

Potassium is the principal positively charged ion (cation) in the fluid inside of cells, while sodium is the principal cation in the fluid outside of cells. Potassium concentrations are about 30 times higher inside than outside cells, while sodium concentrations are more than ten times lower inside than outside cells. The concentration differences between potassium and sodium across cell membranes create an electrochemical gradient known as the membrane potential. A cell's membrane potential is maintained by ion pumps in the cell membrane, especially the sodium, potassium-ATPase pumps. These pumps use ATP (energy) to pump sodium out of the cell in exchange for potassium. Their activity has been estimated to account for 20%-40% of the resting energy expenditure in a typical adult. The large proportion of energy dedicated to maintaining sodium/potassium concentration gradients emphasizes the importance of this function in sustaining life. Tight control of cell membrane potential is critical for nerve impulse transmission, muscle contraction, and heart function.

Potassium is a mineral that helps the kidneys function normally. It also plays a key role in cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle contraction, making it an important nutrient for normal heart, digestive, and muscular function. A diet high in potassium from fruits, vegetables, and legumes is generally recommended for optimum heart health. 

Having too much potassium in the blood is called hyperkalemia and having too little in the blood is known as hypokalemia. Proper balance of potassium in the body depends on sodium. Therefore, excessive use of sodium may deplete the body's stores of potassium.

Potassium keeps your muscles and nervous system working properly. Your blood and body tissues contain water, and potassium helps to regulate the amount. Diets high in potassium can reduce the risk of hypertension and a potassium deficiency has been linked to heart disease. The 2004 guidelines of the Institute of Medicine specify an DRI of 4,000mg of potassium, though most Americans consume only half that amount per day.

 

Foods rich in potassium are:

  • Bananas
  • Broccoli
  • Tomatoes
  • Potatoes with skins
  • Leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli
  • Citrus fruits, like oranges
  • Dried fruits
  • Legumes, such as beans, peas, lentils, and peanuts  

 

Magnesium:

 

IMPORTANCE:

Plays an important role in regulating the neuromuscular activity of the heart; maintains normal heart rhythm; necessary for proper calcium & Vitamin C metabolism; converts blood sugar into energy.

Foods rich in magnesium are:

Green vegetables such as spinach provide magnesium because the center of the chlorophyll molecule contains magnesium. Nuts, seeds, and some whole grains are also good sources of magnesium.
The magnesium content of refined foods is usually low. Water can provide magnesium, but the amount varies according to the water supply. "Hard" water contains more magnesium than "soft" water.

 

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in calcium depletion, heart spasms, nervousness, muscular excitability, confusion, and kidney stones.

 

 

 

Trace Minerals:

 

Minerals that occur in tiny amounts or traces. They play a major role in health, since even minute portions of them can powerfully affect health. They are essential in the assimilation and utilization of vitamins and other nutrients. They aid in digestion and provide the catalyst for many hormones, enzymes and essential body functions and reactions. They also aid in replacing electrolytes lost through heavy perspiration or extended diarrhea and protects against toxic reaction and heavy metal poisoning.

 

Iron

 Your entire body needs oxygen to stay healthy and alive. The body needs iron to transport oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Iron is important in the formation of hemoglobin, which is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body.

Foods rich in iron are:

  • Meat, especially red meat, such as beef
  • Tuna and salmon
  • Eggs
  • Beans
  • Baked potato with skins
  • Dried fruits, like raisins
  • Leafy green vegetables, such as broccoli
  • Whole and enriched grains, like wheat or oats

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Its major function is to combine with protein and copper in making hemoglobin. Hemoglobin transports oxygen in the blood from the lungs to the tissues, which need oxygen to maintain basic life functions. Iron builds up the quality of the blood and increases resistance to stress and disease. It is also necessary for the formation of myoglobin, which is found only in muscle tissue. Myoglobin supplies oxygen to muscle cells for use in the chemical reaction that results in muscle contraction. Iron also prevent fatigue and promotes good skin tone.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in weakness, paleness of skin, constipation, anemia

 

Iodine

Iodine deficiency is the single most common cause of preventable mental retardation and brain damage in the world. It also decreases child survival, causes goiters, and impairs growth and development. Iodine deficiency in pregnant women causes miscarriages, stillbirths, and other complications. Children with IDD can grow up stunted, apathetic, mentally retarded, and incapable of normal movements, speech, or hearing. Globally, 2.2 billion people (38% of the world's population) live in areas with iodine deficiency and risk its complications.

IMPORTANCE:

 

Aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland; regulates the body's production of energy; helps burn excess fat by stimulating the rate of metabolism; mentality, speech, the condition of the hair, skin, & teeth are dependent upon a well-functioning thyroid gland.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in an enlarged thyroid gland, slow mental reaction, dry skin & hair, weight gain, loss of physical & mental vigor.

 

Copper

 

 

Copper is the third most abundant trace mineral in the body, and helps protect the cardiovascular, skeletal, and nervous systems. It is needed to make an enzyme that keeps your arteries from hardening and possibly rupturing, and for the production of phospholipids, which help form the myelin sheath surrounding the nerves. The body also has to have copper to produce the powerful antioxidant, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD).

Copper plays a key role in the development and maintenance of healthy skin and hair. The body needs copper to produce the skin pigment melanin, which colors the skin, hair, and eyes. When hair turns gray due to copper deficiency, taking copper supplements may reverse the process. Copper also helps regulate the function of Lysol oxidase, an enzyme needed for the creation of collagen in the bones, connective tissues, and skin.

Copper helps the body fight cardiovascular disease. It promotes low cholesterol levels, and discourages the development of atherosclerosis and aortic aneurysms by keeping collagen and elastin fibers healthy. Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias) and high blood pressure have been linked to an absence of copper in the diet. Copper also helps supply the heart with healthy, oxygenated blood. It works together with iron in the respiration and synthesis of hemoglobin. In fact, copper is believed to be necessary for proper storage, use, and release of the iron needed to produce hemoglobin in red blood cells. For this reason, copper is sometimes used to treat anemia.

Approximately 50 percent of the body’s total copper content is found in the bones and muscles. Copper is a common treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis—because it helps promote healthy collagen in the body, copper may relieve aching joints and minimize loss in mineral bone density.

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Necessary for the absorption & utilization of Iron; helps oxidize Vitamin C and works with Vitamin C to form Elastin, a chief component of the Elastin muscle fibers throughout the body; aids in the formation of red blood cells; helps proper bone formation & maintenance.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in general weakness, impaired respiration, skin sores

 

Zinc:

 

IMPORTANCE:

Is an antioxidant nutrient; necessary for protein synthesis; wound healing; vital for the development of the reproductive organs, prostate functions and male hormone activity; it governs the contractility of muscles; important for blood stability; maintains the body's alkaline balance; helps in normal tissue function; aids in the digestion and metabolism of phosphorus.

 Foods rich in zinc are:

  • Beef
  • Pork
  • Lamb
  • Legumes, such as beans, peas, lentils, and peanuts

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

The immune system, which is our body's system for fighting off illnesses and infections, is adversely affected by even moderate degrees of zinc deficiency. Severe zinc deficiency depresses immune function. Zinc is required for the development and activation of T-lymphocytes, a kind of white blood cell that helps fight infection. It also helps with cell growth and wound healing.

Signs of zinc deficiency include growth retardation, hair loss, diarrhea, delayed sexual maturation and impotence, eye and skin lesions, and loss of appetite. There is also evidence that weight loss, delayed healing of wounds, taste abnormalities, and mental lethargy can occur. May result in delayed sexual maturity, prolonged healing wounds, white spots on finger nails, retarded growth, stretch marks, fatigue, decreased alertness, susceptibility to infections

 

 

 

Manganese:

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

An antioxidant nutrient; important in the blood breakdown of amino acids and the production of energy; necessary for the metabolism of Vitamin B-1 & Vitamin E; Activates various enzymes which are important for proper digestion & utilization of foods; is a catalyst in the breakdown of fats & cholesterol; helps nourish the nerves and brain; necessary for normal skeletal development; maintains sex hormone production.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in paralysis, convulsions, dizziness, ataxia, loss of hearing, digestive problems, blindness and deafness in infants.

 

Chromium:

 

Chromium is an essential trace mineral that helps the body maintain normal blood sugar levels. In addition to its well-studied effects in diabetes, preliminary research has found that chromium supplementation also improves glucose tolerance in people with Turner’s syndrome—a disease linked with glucose intolerance. Chromium may also play a role in increasing HDL (“good”) cholesterol, while lowering total cholesterol levels.

Chromium works with insulin in assisting cells to take in glucose and release energy.

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

Works with insulin in the metabolism of sugar and stabilizes blood sugar levels; cleans the arteries by reducing Cholesterol & Triglyceride levels; helps transport amino acids to where the body needs them; helps control the appetite; medical research has shown that persons with low levels of Chromium in their bodies are more susceptible to having cancer and heart problems and becoming diabetic.

 

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in glucose intolerance in diabetics; arteriosclerosis, heart disease, depressed growth, obesity, tiredness.

 

Selenium:

 

Selenium is a trace mineral that is essential to good health but required only in small amounts. Selenium is incorporated into proteins to make selenoproteins, which are important antioxidant enzymes. The antioxidant properties of selenoproteins help prevent cellular damage from free radicals. Free radicals are natural by-products of oxygen metabolism that may contribute to the development of chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease. Other selenoproteins help regulate thyroid function and play a role in the immune system.

 

 

IMPORTANCE:

 

A major antioxidant nutrient protects cell membranes and prevents free radical generation thereby decreasing the risk of cancer and disease of the heart and blood vessels. Medical surveys show that increased selenium intake decreases the risk of breast, colon, lung and prostate cancer. Selenium also preserves tissue elasticity; slows down the aging and hardening of tissues through oxidation; helps in the treatment and prevention of dandruff.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS:

 

May result in premature aging, heart disease, dandruff, and loose skin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter VIII:

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are also known as saccharides, which in Greek derivation means, “sugar”. These sugars are responsible for producing energy in our bodies, however if the energy is not used immediately, because an over abundance of sugar in our blood becomes a toxic poison, it must be stored as fat (glycogen, energy reserved for later use). The simplest form of carbohydrates are known as monosaccharides, which can be found in hone (glucose), milk (galactose), and in fruits (fructose).

During digestion, all carbohydrates are broken down in the intestines into their simplest form, sugar which then enters the blood. As blood sugar levels rise, the body's normal response is to increase levels of the hormone insulin in the bloodstream. Insulin, which is released by the pancreas, helps the body's cells use this sugar for energy, or store it (as fat) for later use. This, in turn, helps bring blood sugar levels down to normal levels.

The “Typical American Diet” is comprised of 300 to 400 grams of carbohydrates; this equates to 1200 to 1600 calories and is a whole days worth of calories, with no nutritional value. One, not even desiring to lose weight, should consume no more than 50 to 100 grams of carbohydrates per day and the dietary basis for the “A Second Opinion” calls for zero sugars and a maximum of 20 grams of carbohydrates per day.

The Prescription for Wellness is especially well suited for diabetics and persons with chronic respiratory problems.

 

Carbon Dioxide is the cellular byproduct of metabolism. Persons with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) tend to retain excessive amounts of Carbon Dioxide in the blood (PCO2) due to their inability to expel sufficient amounts through respiration. This causes an imbalance in the acid/ base homeostasis, making the blood overly acidic.

Of all of the foods that we consume, the burning of carbohydrates produce the highest level of carbon dioxide which only intensifies blood acidity (most bacteria thrive in an acidic environment).

Carbohydrates and the Glycemic Index

Diets filled with high-glycemic-index foods, which cause quick and strong increases in blood sugar levels, have been linked to an increased risk for both diabetes and heart disease. A number of factors determine a food's glycemic index. One of the most important is how highly processed it’s carbohydrates are. In highly processed carbohydrates, the outer bran and inner germ layer are removed from the original kernel of grain, which causes bigger spikes in blood sugar levels than would occur with less-processed grains. Whole-grain foods tend to have a lower glycemic index than their more highly processed counterparts. For example, white rice, which is highly processed, has a higher glycemic index than brown rice, which is less highly processed. (See Fiber for more information on whole-grain foods, Chapter 10)

A number of other factors influence how quickly the carbohydrates in food raise blood sugar levels, including:

  • Fiber content.  
  • Fiber helps shield the carbohydrates in food from immediate digestion, so the sugars in fiber-rich foods tend to be absorbed into the bloodstream more slowly.
  • Ripeness. A ripe fruit or vegetable has a higher sugar content than one that is still green and, therefore, has a higher glycemic index.
  • Type of starch. The type of starch granules in a food influences how fast the carbohydrates are digested and absorbed into the bloodstream. The starch in potatoes, for example, is digested and absorbed into the bloodstream relatively quickly.
  • Fat content and acid content. The higher a food's fat content or acid content, the slower its carbohydrates are converted to sugar and absorbed into the bloodstream.
  • Physical form. Finely ground flour has a higher glycemic index than more coarsely ground flour.

Some foods that contain complex carbohydrates, such as potatoes, quickly raise blood sugar levels, while some foods that contain simple carbohydrates, such as whole fruit, raise blood sugar levels more slowly

 

Remember however, a gram of carbohydrates is a gram of carbohydrates.

               Carbohydrates and the Glycemic Index

                                                                                                        High-glycemic                  Low-glycemic

Potatoes
Bananas
White bread
White rice
French fries
Refined breakfast cereals
White spaghetti
Soft drinks
Sugar
Most Legumes
Whole fruits
Whole Wheat, Oats, Bran
Brown rice
Bulgar, Barley
Whole grain breakfast cereals
Couscous
 

Although the fine points of the glycemic index may seem complicated, the underlying message is fairly simple: whenever possible, you should replace highly processed grains, cereals, and sugars with minimally processed whole-grain products. And potatoes--once on the complex-carbohydrate, preferred list--should only be eaten occasionally because of their high glycemic index.


High Carbohydrate/Very Low-Fat Diets

 

For years, you've probably heard the advice to cut back on the total amount of fat you eat and to consume more complex carbohydrates. And thousands of "low-fat" alternatives now crowd the supermarket shelves. It's easy to fall into the "low-fat trap." Because fat, gram-for-gram, has more than twice as many calories as either protein or carbohydrates, it seems logical that choosing low-fat products would help with weight loss. However, all too often the low-fat products on supermarket shelves are packed with sugar to make up for the taste that's lost when fat is removed.

While people think that a low-fat alternative will hasten weight loss, it often has just as many calories as the full-fat version--and may even have more. In addition, many people mistakenly think that because a food is low in fat, they can eat as much of it as they want without gaining weight. But as far as the body is concerned, one calorie is the same as another, no matter where they came from.

Aside from weight loss, the popularity of low-fat food has broader implications for health. Many people are increasing the amount of carbohydrates in their diets, particularly in the form of sugars, and as we know from the discussion of the glycemic index, doing so may lead to increases in heart disease and diabetes.

Researchers have calculated that replacing a given number of calories from polyunsaturated fat with an equivalent number from carbohydrates increased the risk for heart disease by over 50 percent. And other studies have found that a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet, particularly one high in sugars, can worsen blood cholesterol and triglycerides levels, both of which are risk factors for heart disease.

Carbohydrate Counting: As Easy As 1 - 2 - 3

 

There are several different ways people with diabetes can manage their food intake to keep their blood sugars as close to normal as possible. One such method is carbohydrate counting. Carbohydrate counting is a method of calculating the grams of carbohydrate you eat at meals and snacks. The reason you focus on counting grams of carbohydrate is because carbohydrates tend to have the greatest effect on your blood sugar.

When you understand how to count grams of carbohydrates, you can have a wider choice of foods in your meal plan. It is easier to fit in combination foods such as soups and frozen dinners because you look at the grams of carbohydrate listed on the package, rather than trying to calculate how that particular food fits into the more traditional exchange meal plan. Also, some people find they can control their blood sugars more precisely.

Carbohydrate counting can be used by anyone with diabetes - not just people taking insulin. This method can assure that the right amount of carbohydrate is eaten at each meal and snack. Now that foods are more clearly labeled, it is easy to find the carbohydrate content of packaged foods.

This method is also useful for people who are using more aggressive methods of adjusting insulin to control their diabetes. The amount of meal and snack carbohydrate is adjusted based on the pre-meal blood sugar reading. Depending on the reading, more or less carbohydrate may be eaten. Likewise, insulin may be adjusted based on what the person wants to eat.


Step 2: Know your Carbohydrates

Most of the carbohydrates we eat come from three food groups: starch, fruit and milk. Vegetables also contain some carbohydrates, but foods in the meat and fat groups contain very little carbohydrates. This list shows the average amount of carbohydrates in each food group per serving:

 

Carbohydrate Grams

 

Carbohydrate Grams

Starch

15

Vegetable

5

Fruit

15

Meat

0

Milk

12

Fat

0

To make things easy, many people begin carbohydrate counting by rounding the carbohydrate values of milk up to 15. In other words, one serving of starch, fruit or milk all contains 15 grams of carbohydrates or one carbohydrate serving. Three servings of vegetable also contain 15 grams. One or two servings of vegetables do not need to be counted (exept they be filled with starch, or sugar). Each meal and snack will contain a total number of grams of carbohydrates.

 Which will have the greater effect on blood sugar?

 ____ 1 tsp sugar or ____ 1/2 cup potatoes

 The potatoes will contribute about 15 grams of carbohydrates, while a level teaspoon of sugar will only give 4 grams of carbohydrates. Therefore, the potatoes will have about three times the effect on blood sugar as compared to the table sugar.

        Food

     Amount

Carbohydrate Grams

1% fat milk

1 cup

12

Bran Chex

2/3 cup

23

Frosted Flakes

3/4 cup

26

Raisin Bran

3/4 cup

28

Bread/toast

1 slice

15

Sugar. White table

1 teaspoon

4

Pancakes - 4 inches

2

15

Low-fat granola

1/2 cup

30

Yogurt, fruited

1 cup

40

Yogurt, fruit with
NutraSweet fruit juice

1 cup

19

Fruit juice

1/2 cup

15

Banana

1/2

15

Pancake syrup

2 tablespoons

30

Light pancake
sugar free syrup

2 tablespoons

4

                   

                                  Sample Breakfast

Food

Carbohydrate Grams

Fruit yogurt (with NutraSweet)

19

Cinnamon-sugar toast - 1 slice with 1 teaspoon sugar and one teaspoon margarine

19

Milk, 1/2 cup

6

Carbohydrate total =

44

       

A slice of white cake with chocolate icing (1/12 of a cake or 80 gram weight) will give you about 300 calories, 45 grams of carbohydrates and 12 grams of fat. That is three starch servings and over 2 fat servings.

Controlling all carbohydrates

It is important to realize that sugar is not the only carbohydrate that you have to "control." The body will convert all carbohydrates to glucose - so eating extra servings of rice, pasta, bread, fruit or other carbohydrates foods will make the blood sugar rise. Just because something doesn't have sugar in it doesn't mean you can eat as much as you want. Remember your “Second Opinion” calls for the ingestion of zero sugar and no more than 20 grams of carbohydrates.

Chapter IX:

Sugars

Sugar, (the word stems from the Sanskrit sharkara) consists of a class of edible crystalline substances. The average American consumes an astounding 2-3 pounds of sugar each week (100 to 150 pounds per year), which is not surprising considering that highly refined sugars in the forms of sucrose (table sugar), dextrose (high-fructose corn syrup), lactose (milk sugar), and fructose (levulose, or fruit sugar), are being processed into many foods such as breakfast cereal, mayonnaise, peanut butter, ketchup, spaghetti sauce, candy-bars, soft drinks, chips, snacks, fruit-juice, soups, ice-cream, jams, jellies, yogurt, many breads, and the list goes on (what we don’t subject our bodies to).

In the last 20 years, we have increased sugar consumption in the United States from 26 pounds to 135 lbs. of sugar per person per year. At the turn of the 20th century (1900), the average consumption was only about 3 pounds per person, per year. Cardiovascular disease and cancer was virtually unknown in the early 1900's.

One of sugar's major drawbacks is that it raises the insulin level, which inhibits the release of growth hormones, which in turn depresses the immune system.

An influx of sugar into the bloodstream upsets the body's blood-sugar balance, triggering the release of insulin, which the body uses to keep blood sugar at a constant and safe level. Insulin also promotes the storage of fat, so that when you eat sweets high in sugar, you're making way for rapid weight gain and elevated triglyceride levels, both of which have been linked to cardiovascular disease.

Reading the ingredient label on processed foods can help to identify added sugars. Names for added sugars on food labels include:

Ø     Brown sugar

Ø     Corn sweetener

Ø     Corn syrup

Ø     Dextrose

Ø     Fructose

Ø     Fruit juice concentrates

Ø     Glucose

Ø     High-fructose corn syrup

Ø     Honey

Ø     Invert sugar

Ø     Lactose

Ø     Maltose

Ø     Malt syrup

Ø     Molasses

Ø     Raw sugar

Ø     Sucrose

Ø     Sugar

Ø     Syrup

Sugar and refined carbohydrates are undeniably linked to diabetes. Researchers around the world have come to the conclusion that the consumption of refined sugar is detrimental to the health of people without diabetes and disastrous for those with it. Furthermore, excess sugar in the blood can cause the onset of type 2 diabetes.

In addition to throwing off the body's homeostasis, excess sugar may result in a number of other significant consequences.

The following is a listing of some of sugar's metabolic consequence:

Ø     Sugar can suppress your immune system and impair your defenses against infectious disease.

Ø      Sugar upsets the mineral relationships in your body: causes chromium and copper deficiencies and interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium.

Ø     Sugar can cause can cause a rapid rise of adrenaline, hyperactivity, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and crankiness in children.

Ø     Sugar can produce a significant rise in total cholesterol, triglycerides and bad cholesterol and a decrease in good cholesterol.

Ø     Sugar causes a loss of tissue elasticity and function.

Ø     Sugar feeds cancer cells and has been connected with the development of cancer of the breast, ovaries, prostate, rectum, pancreas, biliary tract, lung, gallbladder and stomach.

Ø     Sugar can increase fasting levels of glucose and can cause reactive hypoglycemia.

Ø     Sugar can weaken eyesight.

Ø     Sugar can cause many problems with the gastrointestinal tract including: an acidic digestive tract, indigestion, malabsorption in patients with functional bowel disease, increased risk of Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis.

Ø     Sugar can cause premature aging.

Ø     Sugar can lead to alcoholism.

Ø     Sugar can cause your saliva to become acidic, tooth decay, and periodontal disease.

Ø     Sugar contributes to obesity.

Ø     Sugar can cause autoimmune diseases such as: arthritis, asthma, and multiple sclerosis.

Ø     Sugar greatly assists the uncontrolled growth of Candida Albicans (yeast infections)

Ø     Sugar can cause gallstones.

Ø     Sugar can cause appendicitis.

Ø     Sugar can cause hemorrhoids.

Ø     Sugar can cause varicose veins.

Ø     Sugar can elevate glucose and insulin responses in oral contraceptive users.

Ø     Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.

Ø     Sugar can cause a decrease in your insulin sensitivity thereby causing an abnormally high insulin levels and eventually diabetes.

Ø     Sugar can lower your Vitamin E levels.

Ø     Sugar can increase your systolic blood pressure.

Ø     Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children.

Ø     High sugar intake increases advanced glycation end products (AGEs)(Sugar molecules attaching to and thereby damaging proteins in the body).

Ø     Sugar can interfere with your absorption of protein.

Ø     Sugar causes food allergies.

Ø     Sugar can cause toxemia during pregnancy.

Ø     Sugar can contribute to eczema in children.

Ø     Sugar can cause atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.

Ø     Sugar can impair the structure of your DNA.

Ø     Sugar can change the structure of protein and cause a permanent alteration of the way the proteins act in your body.

Ø     Sugar can make your skin age by changing the structure of collagen.

Ø     Sugar can cause cataracts and nearsightedness.

Ø     Sugar can cause emphysema.

Ø     High sugar intake can impair the physiological homeostasis of many systems in your body.

Ø     Sugar lowers the ability of enzymes to function.

Ø     Sugar intake is higher in people with Parkinson's disease.

Ø     Sugar can increase the size of your liver by making your liver cells divide and it can increase the amount of liver fat.

Ø     Sugar can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the kidney such as the formation of kidney stones.

Ø     Sugar can damage your pancreas.

Ø     Sugar can increase your body's fluid retention.

Ø     Sugar is enemy #1 of your bowel movement.

Ø     Sugar can compromise the lining of your capillaries.

Ø     Sugar can make your tendons more brittle.

Ø     Sugar can cause headaches, including migraines.

Ø     Sugar can reduce the learning capacity, adversely affect school children's grades and cause learning disorders.

Ø     Sugar can cause an increase in delta, alpha, and theta brain waves, which can alter your mind's ability to think clearly.

Ø     Sugar can cause depression.

Ø     Sugar can increase your risk of gout.

Ø     Sugar can increase your risk of Alzheimer's disease.

Ø     Sugar can cause hormonal imbalances such as: increasing estrogen in men, exacerbating PMS, and decreasing growth hormone.

Ø     Sugar can lead to dizziness.

Ø     Diets high in sugar will increase free radicals and oxidative stress.

Ø     High sucrose diets of subjects with peripheral vascular disease significantly increases platelet adhesion.

Ø     High sugar consumption of pregnant adolescents can lead to substantial decrease in gestation duration and is associated with a twofold-increased risk for delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant.

Ø     Sugar is an addictive substance.

Ø     Sugar can be intoxicating, similar to alcohol.

Ø     Sugar given to premature babies can affect the amount of carbon dioxide they produce.

Ø     Decrease in sugar intake can increase emotional stability.

Ø     Your body changes sugar into 2 to 5 times more fat in the bloodstream than it does starch.

Ø     The rapid absorption of sugar promotes excessive food intake in obese subjects.

Ø     Sugar can worsen the symptoms of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Ø     Sugar adversely affects urinary electrolyte composition.

Ø     Sugar can slow down the ability of your adrenal glands to function.101

Ø     Sugar has the potential of inducing abnormal metabolic processes in a normal healthy individual and to promote chronic degenerative diseases.102

Ø     I.V.s (intravenous feedings) of sugar water can cut off oxygen to your brain.103

Ø     Sugar increases your risk of polio.104

Ø     High sugar intake can cause epileptic seizures.105

Ø     Sugar causes high blood pressure in obese people.106

Ø     In intensive care units: Limiting sugar saves lives.107

Ø     Sugar may induce cell death.108

Ø     In juvenile rehabilitation camps, when children were put on a low sugar diet, there was a 44 percent drop in antisocial behavior.

Ø     Sugar dehydrates newborns.

Ø     Sugar can cause gum disease.

Eating the right foods can improve mental health; mood swings, panic attacks, anxiety and depression. When one cuts out excess sugars and limits carbohydrate intake to 20 grams per day, and forces the body to burn it’s reserve stores of fat, the real, strong levels of the body’s energy begin to come into play and one’s stamina and mental stability improves.

Sugar highs and lows/ peaks and valleys are done away with and the body begins to work more efficiently; thought processes are enhanced and the immune system, healing, and heart functions improve.

The use of sugar substitutes is very much encouraged on your “Prescription for Wellness” program and add much enjoyment to an otherwise sugarless diet. Remember iced and hot tea, coffee, and any other sugarless beverages may be consumed with no restriction.

The elimination of sugars will indeed improve ones health, and mental attitude. As an extra bonus, we will become happier and prouder of ourselves, because we were able to accomplish that which we originally set out to do, Lose Weight.

My hopes and prayers are that this new diet, this lifestyle change, this wellness program, this “Prescription for Wellness”, will afford to all: A better and longer life, a stronger and more positive mental attitude, more stamina and perseverance, less depression, and an ever increasing zest for life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter X:

 

Fiber and Intestinal Flora

 

Fiber is the part of the food that cannot be broken down by the enzymes in the digestive tract, so fiber passes through without being absorbed. Fiber helps shield the carbohydrates in food from immediate digestion, so the sugars in fiber-rich foods tend to be absorbed into the bloodstream more slowly.

 

Fibers have an intestinal cleansing action, which keeps the digestive tract clean. A diet rich in fiber is protective against a wide variety of diseases, including heart disease, cancer of the colon and rectum, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, phlebitis, obesity, and type 2 diabetes

The consumption of dietary fibers lowers blood cholesterol levels, prevents constipation, and helps to normalize blood glucose and insulin levels.

 

Fibers that are incompletely or slowly fermented by microflora in the large intestine promote normal laxation and are integral components of diet plans to treat constipation, and prevent the development of diverticulosis and diverticulitis.

 

A diet adequate in fiber-containing foods is also usually rich in micronutrients and nonnutritive ingredients that have additional health benefits. A fiber-rich meal is processed more slowly, which promotes earlier satiety, and is frequently less calorically dense and lower in fat and added sugars. All of these characteristics are features of a dietary pattern to treat and prevent obesity.

 

Maintenance of body weight in the inactive older adult is accomplished in part by decreasing food intake. Even with a fiber-rich diet, a supplement may be needed to bring fiber intakes into an adequate range to prevent constipation.

 

One should begin any health smart program by adding enough fiber to their diet. This is of the utmost importance because in the processed foods that we eat we normally do not get even half of the fiber that our body’s require. Our daily requirement of fiber is between 30 to 50 grams per day. Our “Standard American Diet” provides us with an average of 12 grams or 2¼ tablespoons per day.

It is no wonder that the “Standard American” is riddled with Colon Cancer, Diverticulitous and Cholitis.

 

Examples of fiber are:

 

APPLE PECTIN

Acts as a detoxifier by eliminating heavy metals and toxins from the body; slows down the absorption of sugar, lessens the severity of diabetes, is an excellent source of soluble fiber which lowers cholesterol levels and regulates blood pressure, reduces the risk of heart disease and prevents gallstones, contains anti-oxidant properties which protect the lining of blood vessels, and improves stool consistency. 

FENNEL SEED

 

Rids the intestinal tract of mucus; helps with coughs and persistent bronchitis by dissolving mucus in the upper respiratory tract; rids the body of pinworms; opens obstructions of the liver, spleen and gall bladder; relaxes the smooth muscle lining of the digestive tract to help expel gas; has a mild estrogenic effect, meaning it acts like the female sex hormone, estrogen; relieves gastrointestinal spasms; effective in the treatment of gout; has shown to cure colic in infants. 

 

FLAX SEED

Acts as a broom sweeping the colon of toxic material, metabolic waste, and dried mucus; is excellent food for "friendly bacteria" in the intestine; contains lignans that have anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer properties; contains lecithin which breaks up fats and cholesterol; contains mucilage which aids digestion by increasing bulk and preventing constipation; reduces the risk of colon cancer; helps stabilize blood glucose levels; fights tumor formation; enhances cardio-vascular health; acts as a buffer for excess stomach acid. 

OAT BRAN

A water soluble fiber that assists in lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels; keeps the gastrointestinal tract in good working order; helps prevent constipation, hemorrhoids, and diverticulitis; aids in weight loss; reduces plaque buildup by suppressing the adhesive molecules which make blood cells stick to artery walls; reduces the risk of colon cancer; removes toxins; regulates blood glucose levels; lowers blood pressure; improves stool consistency. 

PSYLLIUM SEEDS

Contains mucilage that lubricates and cleanses the areas through which it passes; cleanses the large intestines and expels toxins; supplies pure bulk fiber that promotes normal bowel function; promotes a healthy colon; used to treat irritable bowel syndrome; reduces cholesterol and blood sugar levels; used to treat hemorrhoids and yeast infections. 

RICE BRAN

Is a water-soluble fiber that helps diabetics maintain appropriate blood sugar levels; lowers cholesterol levels; keeps the gastrointestinal tract in good working order; contains Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids.  See

WHEAT GERM

Is the reproductive area or embryo from which the seed germinates to form the sprout that becomes the green wheat grass. It is a nutritious super food rich in B-Vitamins, Vitamin E, enzymes, and minerals. It is also rich in Octacosanol, which has shown to lower blood cholesterol, improve energy levels, enhance endurance and stamina; quickens reflexes, sparks alertness, and improves oxygen utilization. Helps prevent heart disease, strokes, and cancer. Consist of 30% protein and 15% soluble fiber. 

Additional Considerations to Intestinal Health:

Your digestive tract is a complex ecosystem that's home to millions of microorganisms (intestinal flora), including more than 500 species of bacteria. Many of these bacteria are beneficial, performing essential functions, such as synthesizing certain vitamins, stimulating your immune system, and helping protect you from harmful viruses and “bad” bacteria.

Some of the bacteria that normally inhabit your intestinal tract are potentially dangerous. They are usually kept in check by beneficial bacteria unless the delicate balance between the two is disturbed by illness, or medications.

Antibiotics can be especially disruptive to intestinal flora (the bacteria that normally live in the colon) because they destroy beneficial bacteria along with harmful ones. Without enough "good" microorganisms, "bad" bacteria that are resistant to the antibiotic you received grow out of control, producing toxins that can damage the bowel wall and trigger inflammation.

Antibiotics first came into general use for soldiers during World War II. Since then, antibiotics have saved millions of lives. But like all drugs, antibiotics have side effects.

In addition to disrupting the balance of microorganisms in your digestive tract, antibiotics can also affect the following:

Ø     Rate of digestion. Antibiotics, such as erythromycin, can cause food to leave your stomach too quickly, causing nausea and vomiting. Other antibiotics may increase intestinal contractions, speeding up the rate at which food moves through your small intestine and contributing to diarrhea.

Ø     The breakdown of food. Antibiotics may affect the way your body metabolizes fatty acids.

If one is undergoing antibiotic therapy one should take the supplimentation of certain intestinal flora. This is possible by consuming certain yogurts (ones comprised of active living cultures) and/or taking probiotics (“friendly” bacteria (flora) that promote gastrointestinal health).

Ø     The four main species of probiotics are:

 

Ø     Lactobacillus acidophilus

Ø     Bifidobacterium

Ø     Lactobacillus paracasei

Ø     Streptococcus thermophilus

Most can be purchased at any grocery store and all can be obtained via a health food store.

Lactobacilli are bacteria that normally live in the human small intestine and vagina. It is the most commonly used probiotic, or "friendly" bacteria. Such healthy bacteria inhabit the intestines and vagina and protect against the entrance and proliferation of "bad" organisms that can cause disease. Lactobacillus acidophilus is generally considered to be beneficial because it produces vitamin K, lactase, and anti-microbial substances such as acidolin, acidolphilin, lactocidin, and bacteriocin.

The breakdown of food by L. acidophilus leads to production of lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide, and other byproducts that make the environment hostile for undesired organisms. L. acidophilus also produces lactase, the enzyme that breaks down milk sugar (lactose) into simple sugars. People who are lactose intolerant do not produce this enzyme. For this reason, L. acidophilus supplements may be beneficial for these individuals.

Probiotics offer a variety of potential therapeutic uses. These include the following:

  • Replacing the "friendly" intestinal bacteria destroyed by antibiotics.
  • Aiding digestion and suppressing disease-causing bacteria.
  • Preventing and treating diarrhea, including infectious diarrhea, particularly from rotavirus (a virus that commonly causes diarrhea in children).
  • Treating overgrowth of "bad" organisms in the gastrointestinal tract (a condition that tends to cause diarrhea and may occur from use of antibiotics).
  • Alleviating symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and, possibly, inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis).
  • Preventing and/or reducing the recurrence of vaginal yeast infections, urinary tract infections, and cystitis (bladder inflammation). 
  • Improving lactose absorption digestion in people who are lactose intolerant
  • Enhancing the immune response.
  • Aiding the treatment of respiratory infections such as sinusitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
  • Lowering risk of allergies. Examples include asthma, hay fever, food allergies to milk, and skin reactions such as eczema.
  • Helping to treat high cholesterol.
  • Reducing the risk of recurring bladder tumors once this cancer has been treated.
  • Other conditions under investigation for use of probiotics include colon cancer, HIV related diarrhea, and Helicobacter pylori, an organism that can lead to development of ulcers.

The primary dietary sources of L. acidophilus include milk enriched with acidophilus, yogurt containing live L. acidophilus cultures.

Prebiotics occur naturally in foods, but supplements provide a more concentrated source of this substance.  Prebiotics are found in breast milk, onions, tomatoes, bananas, honey, barley, garlic and wheat.

L. acidophilus preparations consist of dried or liquid cultures of living bacteria. They are available in the following forms:

  • Freeze-dried granules
  • Freeze-dried powders
  • Freeze-dried capsules
  • Liquid L. acidophilus preparations (which must be kept refrigerated)

The recommended doses of L. acidophilus vary depending on the health condition being treated. The following list provides guidelines for the most common uses:

  • Prevention or treatment of diarrhea: 1 to 2 billion viable cells per day (some experts may recommend up to ten billion cells per day)
  • Vaginal infections: 8 ounces of yogurt (with live active cultures containing one of the Lactobacillus or Bifidobacteriu) daily or an oral daily supplement containing at least 1 to 2 billion live organisms.
  • Cystitis: 1 to 2 capsules or tablets inserted into the vagina nightly for two weeks
  • Maintaining normal intestinal flora: 1 to 10 billion viable cells per day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter XI:                     

Protein

 

Proteins provide the structure for all living things.

Each living organism is composed of protein; from the largest of animals, to the smallest of cells. In the human body, protein matter makes up the organs, muscles, ligaments, nails, hair, vital bodily fluids, and glands and these proteins are critical for the development of bones. Next to water, protein makes up the greatest portion of our body weight.

 

The hormones and enzymes that catalyze (cause or speeds a chemical change) and control all bodily processes are proteins. Proteins also assist in the exchange of nutrients between the cellular fluids and the tissues, blood and lymph. The genetic code contained in each cell’s DNA is actually information for how to make the cell’s protein.

 

Even though it sounds like it is just one substance, protein is really a combination of many chemicals called amino acids. The protein that we eat is broken down into amino acids, which the body then uses to build specific proteins needed for the body. Proteins are chains of amino acids that have been linked together. Each individual protein is composed of a specific group of amino acids, in a specific order. That specific order is what gives the proteins their exact functions and characteristics.

Scientists have found 20 different amino acids in protein, and these 20 amino acids can join together to make thousands of different proteins.

At least 10,000 different proteins make you what you are, and keep you that way. Each protein is made for a specific need. Proteins are not interchangeable.

Following genetic instructions, the body strings together amino acids. Some genes call for short chains, others are blueprints for long chains that fold, origami-like, into intricate, three-dimensional structures. Because the body doesn't store amino acids, as it does fats or carbohydrates, it needs a daily supply of amino acids to make new protein.

Some types of amino acids are made inside the body, these are called nonessential amino acids, of which there are 11. They are necessary, needed to keep your body functioning properly - but are not essential as part of the food you eat.

The essential amino acids, of which there are nine, must come from food. That is why eating foods with protein is of the utmost importance, we must give our body’s that which it needs, the amino acids. It's easy to get the protein your body needs. Protein is found in tasty, satisfying foods like meat, chicken, fish, eggs, nuts, cheese, lentils and peas!

Protein: Moving Closer to Center Stage 

Adults need a minimum of 1 gram of protein for every kilogram of body weight per day to keep from slowly breaking down their own tissues. That's about 9 grams of protein for every 20 pounds.

Around the world, millions of people don't get enough protein. This protein malnutrition leads to the condition known as kwashiorkor. Lack of protein can cause growth failure, loss of muscle mass, decreased immunity, weakening of the heart and respiratory system, and death. 

All protein isn't alike

Some of the protein you eat contains all the amino acids needed to construct new proteins. This kind is called complete protein. Animal sources of protein tend to be complete.

Other protein sources lack one or more amino acids that the body can't make from scratch or create by modifying another amino acid; these are called incomplete proteins, usually found in fruits, vegetables, grains, and nuts. Vegetarians need to be aware of this difference. To get all the amino acids needed to make new protein, and thus to keep the body's systems in good shape, people who don't eat meat, fish, poultry, eggs, or dairy products should eat a variety of protein-containing foods each day.
 

Protein and chronic disease

  • Cardiovascular disease:

 

  •  In the Nurses' Health Study, women who ate the most protein (about 110 grams per day) were 25 percent less likely to have had a heart attack or to have died of heart disease than the women who ate the least protein (about 68 grams per day) over a 14-year period. Whether the protein came from animals or vegetables--or whether it was part of low-fat or higher-fat diets--didn't seem to matter. These results offer reassurance that eating a lot of protein doesn't harm the heart. In fact, it is possible that eating more protein while cutting back on easily digested carbohydrates may be beneficial to the heart.
  • Weight control:

 

  • Weight control: A diet that includes more protein and less carbohydrate is more effective for losing weight or keeping weight steady than a high-carbohydrate diet. Eating high-protein foods such as beef, chicken, fish, or beans makes you feel fuller longer; they slow the movement of food from the stomach to the intestine, which delays the hunger signals. The digestion of protein, when compared to that of carbohydrates, results in smaller, steadier increases in blood sugar. This helps avoid the steep climbs and drops in blood sugar--which trigger hunger pangs that occur after eating, rapidly digested carbohydrates.

 

Nuts for the Heart:

Many people think of nuts as just another junk food snack. In reality, nuts are excellent sources of protein and other healthful nutrients.

People who regularly eat nuts are less likely to have heart attacks or die from heart disease than those who rarely eat them. Several of the largest studies, have concluded that a consistent 30 percent to 50 percent lower risk of myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, or cardiovascular disease is associated with eating nuts several times a week.

There are several ways that nuts could have such an effect. The unsaturated fats they contain help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and raise HDL (good) cholesterol. One group of unsaturated fat found in walnuts, the omega-3 fatty acids, appears to prevent the development of erratic heart rhythms. Omega-3 fatty acids (which are also found in fatty fish such as salmon and bluefish) may also prevent blood clots, much as aspirin does. Nuts are rich in arginine, an amino acid needed to make a molecule called nitric oxide that relaxes constricted blood vessels and eases blood flow. They also contain vitamin E, folic acid, potassium, fiber, and other healthful nutrients.

Dietary Sources of Protein                                                          

FOOD  SERVING  SIZE                 WEIGHT in grams PROTEIN    in grams % Daily Value
Hamburger, extra lean 6 ounces 170 48.6 97

Chicken, roasted

6 ounces

170

42.5

85

Fish

6 ounces

170

41.2

82

Tuna, water packed

6 ounces

170

40.1

80

Beefsteak, broiled

6 ounces

170

38.6

77

Cottage cheese

1 cup

225

28.1

56

Cheese pizza

2 slices

128

15.4

31

Yogurt, low fat

8 ounces

227

11.9

24

Tofu

1/2 cup

126

10.1

20

Lentils, cooked

1/2 cup

99

9

18

Skim milk

1 cup

245

8.4

17

Split peas, cooked

1/2 cup

98

8.1

16

Whole milk

1 cup

244

8

16

Lentil soup

1 cup

242

7.8

16

Kidney beans, cooked

1/2 cup

87

7.6

15

Cheddar cheese

1 ounce

28

7.1

14

Macaroni, cooked

1 cup

140

6.8

14

Soymilk

1 cup

245

6.7

13

Egg

1 large

50

6.3

13

Whole wheat bread

2 slices

56

5.4

11

White bread

2 slices

60

4.9

10

Rice, cooked

1 cup

158

4.3

9

Broccoli, cooked

5 inch piece

140

4.2

8

Baked potato

2x5 inches

156

3

6

Corn, cooked

1 ear

77

2.6

5

One may recall that one’s “Prescription for Wellness” offers the unrestricted consumption of proteins. It also calls for the elimination of sugars and the restriction of carbohydrates to 20 grams per day.

                                                             

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter XII:

Amino Acids

Amino acids are the end products of protein digestion (hydrolysis).

They are the chemical units or "building blocks" of the body, and are responsible for the production of proteins. Protein substances make up the muscles, tendons, organs, glands, nails, and hair, and are responsible for the growth, repair and maintenance of all cells. Except for water, protein makes up the greatest portion of our body weight.

 

It is the amino acids, not the protein, that are the essential nutrients for our body. Each amino acid has a specific function in the body. Some amino acids act as neurotransmitters, some amino acids work in the process of carrying information from one nerve cell to another, while others are a precursor (comes before) of neurotransmitters.

Certain amino acids are necessary for the brain to receive and send messages. The blood-brain barrier is part of all of this. The blood-brain barrier is a defensive shield that is designed to protect the brain from toxins and other foreign invaders that are circulating in the blood stream. The cells in the brain that make up certain blood vessels are more tightly meshed together. This prevents water-based substances from getting through. Certain amino acids can get through this barrier and the brain will then use these amino acids to communicate with nerve cells in other parts of the body.

Amino acids have a direct relation with vitamins and minerals. They enable them to perform their specific jobs properly. Even if vitamins and minerals are absorbed by the body they cannot be effective unless the necessary amino acids are present. (For example, the amino acid tyrosine is necessary for the regulation of iron. Low levels of tyrosine will create iron deficiency).

 

Ø     There are twenty-eight commonly known amino acids.

Ø     Amino acids are defined as essential amino acids and nonessential amino acids.

Ø     Amino Acids that must be obtained from the diet are called "Essential Amino Acids"

Ø     The 20 percent of the amino acids not produced by the liver are obtained from the diet.

Ø     Amino Acids that the body can manufacture from other sources are called "Non-Essential Amino Acids." (Nonessential does not mean that those amino acids are not needed.)

Ø     The term nonessential amino acid means; an amino acid that can be manufactured by the body as needed and do not need to be obtained by our diet.

Ø     The liver produces about 80 percent of the amino acids that we need.

Ø     If one amino acid is too low or depleted, the body will not function properly.

 

 

9 Essential Amino Acids 

                                                 

                                                    TRYPTOPHAN 

                                                        LYSINE

                                                      HISTIDINE  

                                                    ISOLEUCINE  

                                                        LEUCINE  

                                                   METHIONINE  
                                                PHENYLALANINE  

                                                    THREONINE  

                                                               VALINE

                                                                                                                       

TRYPTOPHAN (Essential Amino Acid)

A natural relaxant helps alleviate insomnia by inducing normal sleep; reduces anxiety & depression; helps in the treatment of migraine headaches; helps the immune system; helps reduce the risk of artery & heart spasms; works with Lysine in reducing cholesterol levels. Tryptophan is a routine constituent of most protein-based foods or dietary proteins

LYSINE (Essential Amino Acid)

 

Insures the adequate absorption of calcium; helps form collagen ( which makes up bone cartilage & connective tissues); aids in the production of antibodies, hormones & enzymes. Recent studies have shown that Lysine may be effective against herpes by improving the balance of nutrients that reduce viral growth. A deficiency may result in tiredness, inability to concentrate, irritability, bloodshot eyes, retarded growth, and hair loss, anemia & reproductive problems.

 

METHIONINE (Essential Amino Acid)

 

Is a principle supplier of sulfur which prevents disorders of the hair, skin and nails; helps lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver's production of lecithin; reduces liver fat and protects the kidneys; a natural chelating agent for heavy metals; regulates the formation of ammonia and creates ammonia-free urine which reduces bladder irritation; influences hair follicles and promotes hair growth

 

    PHENYLALAINE (Essential Amino Acid)

 

Used by the brain to produce Norepinephrine, a chemical that transmits signals between nerve cells and the brain; keeps you awake & alert; reduces hunger pains; functions as an antidepressant and helps improve memory

 

 

THREONINE (Essential Amino Acid)

Is an important constituent of collagen, Elastin, and enamel protein; helps prevents fat build-up in the liver; helps the digestive and intestinal tracts function more smoothly; assists metabolism and assimilation

VALINE (Essential Amino Acid)

 

Promotes mental vigor, muscle coordination and calm emotions.

It has a stimulating effect and is needed for muscle metabolism, repair and growth of tissue and maintaining the nitrogen balance in the body.

 

LEUCINE & ISOLEUCINE (Essential Amino Acid)

 

They provide ingredients for the manufacturing of other essential biochemical components in the body, some of which are utilized for the production of energy, stimulants to the upper brain and helping you to be more alert

           

HISTIDINE   (ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID)

Is found abundantly in hemoglobin; has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allergies, ulcers and anemia; is essential for the growth and repair of tissues; important for the maintenance of the myelin sheaths, which protect nerve cells; is needed for the production of both red and white blood cells; protects the body from radiation damage; lowers blood pressure, aids in the removal of heavy metals from the body; aids in sexual arousal.  

 

13 Non-Essential Amino Acids

  

                                                   ARGININE

                                                   TYROSINE

                                                    GLYCINE 

                                                     SERINE 

                                            GLUTAMIC ACID  

                                                    TAURINE  

                                             ASPARTIC ACID

                                        CYSTEINE & CYSTINE  
                                                  HISTIDINE

                                                   PROLIN

                                                                                    ALANINE

                                                 ORNITHINE                                              

                                                GLUTAMINE  

                                                                                                       

                                                        

                                           

                                                                                                                    

ARGININE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

 

Studies have shown that is has improved immune responses to bacteria, viruses & tumor cells; promotes wound healing and regeneration of the liver; causes the release of growth hormones; considered crucial for optimal muscle growth and tissue repair

 

TYROSINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

 

Transmits nerve impulses to the brain; helps overcome depression; Improves memory; increases mental alertness; promotes the healthy functioning of the thyroid, adrenal and pituitary glands.

 

GLYCINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

 

Helps trigger the release of oxygen to the energy requiring cell-making process; Important in the manufacturing of hormones responsible for a strong immune system.

 

SERINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

A storage source of glucose by the liver and muscles; helps strengthen the immune system by providing antibodies; synthesizes fatty acid sheath around nerve fibers

 

GLUTAMIC ACID (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

 

Considered to be nature's "Brain food" by improving mental capacities; helps speed the healing of ulcers; gives a "lift" from fatigue; helps control alcoholism, schizophrenia and the craving for sugar.

 

ASPARTIC ACID (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

 

Aids in the expulsion of harmful ammonia from the body. When ammonia enters the circulatory system it acts as a highly toxic substance which can be harmful to the central nervous system. Recent studies have shown that Aspartic Acid may increase resistance to fatigue and increase endurance.

 

TAURINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

Helps stabilize the excitability of membranes, which is very important in the control of epileptic seizures. Taurine and sulfur are considered to be factors necessary for the control of many biochemical changes that take place in the aging process; aids in the clearing of free radical wastes


 

 

CYSTEINE & CYSTINE (NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID)

 

Functions as a powerful anti-oxidant in; protects the body from radiation slows down the aging process. Skin and hair is made up of 10-14% Cystine. 

 

Functions as an antioxidant and is a powerful aid to the body in detoxifying harmful toxins, protecting against radiation damage and pollution; protects the liver and brain from damage due to alcohol, drugs, and toxic compounds found in cigarette smoke; has been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and hardening of the arteries; promotes the recovery from severe burns and surgery; it can help slow down the aging process, it promotes the burning of fat and the building of muscle; deactivate free radicals, neutralize toxins; aids in protein synthesis and presents cellular change. It is necessary for the formation of the skin, which aids in the recovery from burns and surgical operations. Hair and skin are made up 10-14% Cystine

 

HISTIDINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

 

Is found abundantly in hemoglobin; has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allergic diseases, ulcers & anemia. A deficiency can cause poor hearing.

 

PROLINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

Is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons; also helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles.

ALANINE (Non-Essential Amino Acid)

Is an important source of energy for muscle tissue, the brain and central nervous system; strengthens the immune system by producing antibodies; helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids

 

GLUTAMINE (NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO                ACID)   

 

The most abundant amino acid found in muscles; helps build and maintain muscle tissue; helps prevent muscle wasting that can accompany prolonged bed rest or diseases such as cancer and AIDS; a "brain fuel" that increases brain function and mental activity; assists in maintaining the proper acid/alkaline balance in the body; promotes a healthy digestive tract; shortens the healing time of ulcers and alleviates fatigue, depression and impotence; decreases sugar cravings and the desire for alcohol; recently used in the treatment of schizophrenia and senility. 

 

ORNITHINE (NON-ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID)

 

Helps to prompt the release of growth hormones, which promotes the metabolism of excess body fat (this effect is enhanced if combined with Arginine and Carnitine); is necessary for a healthy immune system; detoxifies ammonia and aids in liver regeneration; stimulates insulin secretion and helps insulin work as an anabolic (muscle building) hormone.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter XIII:

                       

Fat Production and Dietary Fats

 

As was alluded to in previous chapters, fat is a very necessary “evil”. It serves as a storage receptacle for unused glycosol (sugar) and other toxins that must be taken from the blood when their levels become intolerable. Thus fat production is a homeostatic bodily response to unused quantities of toxins in the blood.

            The human body contains two types of fat tissue:

Ø     White fat is important in energy metabolism, heat insulation and mechanical cushioning.

Ø     Brown fat is found mostly in newborn babies, between the shoulders, and is important for thermogenesis (making heat).  

Ø     Fat tissue is made up of fat cells, which are a unique type of cell. You can think of a fat cell as a tiny plastic bag that holds a drop of fat.

Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble, meaning they can only be digested, absorbed, and transported in conjunction with fats. Fats are sources of essential fatty acids, an important dietary requirement.

Fats play a vital role in maintaining healthy skin and hair, insulating body organs against shock, maintaining body temperature, and promoting healthy cell function. They also serve as energy stores for the body. Fats are broken down in the body to release glycerol and free fatty acids. The glycerol can be converted to glucose by the liver and thus used as a source of energy.

Fat also serves as a useful buffer towards a host of diseases. When a particular substance, whether chemical or biotic -- reaches unsafe levels in the bloodstream, the body can effectively dilute -- or at least maintain equilibrium of the offending substances by storing it in new fat tissue.

An amazing fact is that fat cells generally do not generate after puberty; as your body stores more fat, the number of fat cells remains the same. Each fat cell simply gets bigger!

 

Dietary Fat’s

Dietary fat, the kind of fat you get from food, is important for your health and the normal growth and development of your body. Dietary fat has many different functions in your body, which include:

·         Providing long lasting energy

·         Helping you feel full after eating

·         Helping make hormones

·         Forming part of your brain and nervous system

·         Forming cell membranes for every cell in your body

·         Carrying vitamins throughout your body

·         Helping regulate your body temperature and keep you warm

·         Providing two essential fatty acids, called linoleic acid and linolenic acid, that your body cannot make by itself

Your body needs fat to function properly. Besides being energy source, fat is a nutrient used in the production of cell membranes, as well as in several hormone-like compounds called eicosanoids. These compounds help regulate blood pressure, heart rate, blood vessel constriction, blood clotting and the nervous system. In addition, dietary fat carries fat-soluble vitamins — vitamins A, D, E and K — from your food into your body. Fat also helps maintain healthy hair and skin, protects vital organs, keeps your body insulated, and provides a sense of fullness after meals.

 

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) recommend that fat make up no more than 35 percent of your daily calories. Most foods contain several different kinds of fats — including saturated, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and trans fats — and some kinds are better for your health than others are.

 

The four main types of fat found in food are monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, saturated fat, and trans fat. Most foods have a different balance of these types of fats, but are usually classified by the type of fat they are highest in.

Saturated and monounsaturated fats are not necessary in the diet as they can be made in the human body.

Two polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that cannot be made in the body are linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid. They must be provided by diet and are known as essential fatty acids. Within the body both can be converted to other PUFAs such as arachidonic acid, or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

In the body PUFAs are important for maintaining the membranes of all cells; for making prostaglandins which regulate many body processes which include inflammation and blood clotting. Another requirement for fat in the diet is to enable the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K to be absorbed from food; and for regulating body cholesterol metabolism.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential for human health, but their intake has gradually declined over the years. It is believed that man evolved on a diet with a ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 PUFAs of about 1:1. Today this ratio is more like 10:1 and in some societies is approaching 25:1. A relative over-abundance of omega-6 PUFAs has been implicated in excessive blood clotting, allergic and inflammatory disorders, and certain cancers. An adequate intake of omega-3 PUFAs, on the other hand, has been linked to improved cardiovascular health. A recent study concluded that a daily intake of 500 to 1000 mg of long chain omega-3 PUFAs reduces the risk of cardiovascular death in middle-aged American men by about 40%. Other studies have shown that although fish oils help prevent undesirable blood clotting reactions they do not increase bleeding time and are quite safe even for people scheduled for major surgery. Animal studies have found that fish oil supplementation markedly reduces the risk of fatal arrhythmias. Fish oils have also been found beneficial in preventing or treating hypertension, arthritis, psoriasis, ulcerative colitis, cancer, and certain diabetes- related complications. EPA and DHA are both essential for pregnant mothers and infants and a deficiency can retard the development of the brain and retina.

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids - Dietary Sources

Food sources of the two main dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid) are listed below.

Linoleic Acid (Omega 6 family)
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Nuts
  • Grains
  • Seeds

Good sources:

Oils made from:

  • Safflower
  • Sunflower
  • Corn
  • Soya
  • Evening primrose
  • Pumpkin
  • Wheat germ.

Alpha-Linolenic Acid (Omega 3 family)

 

(Please note - fish is not the only source of omega 3 acids. Flaxseed oil contains twice as much as is found in fish oil!).

  • Flaxseeds (linseeds)
  • Mustard seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Soya bean
  • Walnut oil
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Grains
  • Spirulina

Good sources

Oils made from:

  • Linseed (flaxseeds)
  • Rapeseed (canola)
  • Soya beans

EPA's and DHA's

Alpha-linolenic Acid is converted in the body to EPA (eiocosapentaenoic acid) usually found in marine oil and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) usually found in marine fish oil.

Monounsaturated fat is considered the most "heart healthy" type of fat. Monounsaturated fats decrease LDL ("bad") cholesterol and increase HDL ("healthy") cholesterol.

 

Good sources of monounsaturated fat include:

 

Avocados

Olive Oil

Almonds

Peanut butter

Canola Oil

Peanut Oil

Cashews

Sunflower Oil

Hazelnuts

 

  

Polyunsaturated fat is also a "heart healthy" type of fat. There are two essential fatty acids (linolenic and linoleic) that your body uses to make chemicals that control blood pressure, blood clotting, and your immune system response. Linolenic fatty acids are also called Omega-3 fats, and they have many health benefits. Omega-3 fatty acids may be especially beneficial to your heart. Omega-3s appear to decrease the risk of coronary artery disease. They may also protect against irregular heartbeats and help lower blood pressure levels.

 

EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)

 

Fish oils either from whole fish or in the form of supplements (neither has been shown to have a more advantageous affect) have been found to aid in preventing or ameliorating coronary heart disease, stroke, lupus, nephropathy (kidney disorders), Crohn's disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, hypertension, and rheumatoid arthritis. Fish oils have been found particularly effective in preventing arrhythmias and sudden death from cardiac arrest. People who eat fish once or more each week can reduce their risk of sudden cardiac death by 50-70 per cent. EPA has been found to inhibit blood clotting and EPA and DHA contained in fish oils inhibit the development of atherosclerosis. Fish oil supplementation also significantly lowers overall triglyceride and cholesterol levels without affecting the level of HDL ("good" cholesterol). EPA and DHA play a crucial role in the prevention of atherosclerosis, heart attack, depression, and cancer. Clinical trials have shown that fish oil supplementation is effective in the treatment of many disorders including rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, ulcerative colitis, depression, Alzheimer's disease, ADS, schizophrenia, manic depression, and Raynaud's disease.

 

Good sources of polyunsaturated fat include:

Canola Oil

Sardines

Corn Oil

Sesame Seeds

Cottonseed Oil

Soybeans

Flaxseeds

Soybean Oil

Herring

Sunflower Oil

Mackerel

Tuna

Pine Nuts

Trout

Pumpkin Seeds

Walnuts

Salmon

 

Good sources of Omega-3 fats include:

Canola Oil

Legumes

Fish

Mackerel

Flaxseeds

Nuts (such as walnuts)

Flaxseed oil

Sardines

Green, leafy vegetables

Soy based foods
(soybean, soy nuts)

Halibut

Tofu

Lake Trout

Tuna

 

DHA is the building block of human brain tissue and is particularly abundant in the grey matter of the brain and the retina. Low levels of DHA have recently been associated with depression, memory loss, dementia, and visual problems. DHA is particularly important for fetuses and infants; the DHA content of the infant's brain triples during the first three months of life. Optimal levels of DHA are therefore crucial for pregnant and lactating mothers. Unfortunately, the average DHA content of breast milk in the United States is the lowest in the world, most likely because Americans eat comparatively little fish. Making matters worse is the fact that the United States is the only country in the world where infant formulas are not fortified with DHA. This despite a 1995 recommendation by the World Health Organization that all baby formulas should provide 40 mg of DHA per kilogram of infant body weight. It is believes that postpartum depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and low IQs are all linked to the dismally low DHA intake common in the United States. Low DHA levels have been linked to low brain serotonin levels, which again are connected to an increased tendency to depression, suicide, and violence. DHA is abundant in marine phytoplankton and cold-water fish and nutritionists now recommend that people consume two to three servings of fish every week or the Fish Oil supplimentation of 500 to 1,000 mg per day to maintain DHA levels. .
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter XIV

Exercise:

Manual activity (exercise) develops or maintains physical fitness and overall health. It is often practiced to strengthen muscles, for the cardiovascular system, and to hone athletic skills.

Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system,reduces infamation, aids in respiration, improves enduranacnce, and helps prevent diseases of such as heart disease, cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, and obesity.

It also improves mental health and helps prevent depression.

The pressure is off:

The good news is that on the “Prescription for Wellness Program” exercise is not a mandatory prerequisite for weight loss. The body will be forced to burn its own energy storage, fat, when sugar and carbohydrates become greatly restricted.

However, because of a renewed energy and feeling of well-being it is our hope that one might feel a greater need to experience life to the fullest.

Walking to further enjoy being alive, working out to enhance ones physical definition, or swimming or wading, tremendous exercise that all can participate in.

Do something physical that you enjoy every day, even if for only a few minutes. Perhaps, if you enjoy it enough, you could increase the time spent experiencing the “outside world” in small increments daily. The benefits of exercise will prove to be manifest but again not mandatory for weight loss.

Text Box: Exercise is very important. Just minutes a day can improve your health and well being.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Exercise can help you to:

  • Lose weight
  • Reduce stress
  • Relieve symptoms of depression and anxiety
  • Reduce your risk of heart disease and certain types of cancer
  • Boost your mood
  • Give you more energy
  • Help you sleep better
  • Increase bone density
  • Strengthen the heart and lungs
  • Improve your quality of life

The Top 10 Reasons that people do not exercise:

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1. Don't have time!

 

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Physically inactive people have just as much free time as exercisers. Schedule your exercise time. If you can't find a full 30 minutes during your day, break it up into 10 or 15 minute segments.

 

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    Get up a few minutes early and take a brisk walk, use 15 minutes of your lunch hour to walk the stairs and walk the dog or lift weights after work.

  • Keep a calendar of your workouts, you can track your progress and stay motivated
  • Remember that exercise generates energy--the more energy you have, the more you'll get done each day.

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2. You can't make the commitment to stick to an exercise routine.

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When you look at exercise in the long term, that you have to exercise on a daily basis forever, it can be overwhelming. However, you don't have to change your life overnight. Start with small goals, such as to be more active every day by taking the stairs and moving around more. Decide you'll get up 10 minutes early to walk or lift weights. Over time, you can increase your workout time and try new things. For now, just worry about making it a daily habit. 

 

3. Exercise Hurts:


You don't have to hurt yourself to reap the benefits of exercise. When doing your cardiovascular exercise, make sure you're in your target heart rate zone. You should be able to carry on a conversation without huffing and puffing. When it comes to weight training, there should be effort involved since lean body tissue only grows when you challenge yourself. Using the heaviest weight you can handle for 12-16 reps will help you get the most out of your workouts. You should feel slight burning, but not teeth-gritting pain!

 

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4. You can’t seem to stay motivated to continue working out

 

If you're tired, stressed or bored with your workouts, it's hard to keep going. To combat that, change your routine every 4 to 6 weeks by trying something new or changing your intensity or time. Remind yourself every day what your goals are and what you have to do to reach them. Reward yourself often (massages make great gifts).
 

5. You want to exercise but you have family obligations.  

 
You don't have to neglect your family to fit in exercise. Join a health club that has a daycare center or do a video while they nap. If they're old enough, have them participate in your routine by lifting very small weights or counting your repetitions, or take them with you on your daily walk. Show your family what it means to be healthy by giving them a good role model.

6. You don't know how to exercise.

That certainly won't fly what with the wealth of information at your fingertips. Try one of the many exercise books, videos or websites that cover everything from cardio to stretching exercises. Or, hire a trainer at your local gym.

7. You're not seeing any changes in your body.

 
Not losing weight fast enough? Welcome to reality. You don't put weight on overnight and it won't come off that quickly either. Once you start exercising, give your body time to react. It could take up to 12 weeks before you start seeing some real changes in your body. In the meantime, try to enjoy the other benefits of exercise.

8. You can't afford a gym membership

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There's no reason you have to join a gym to exercise. You can walk anytime, anywhere. Dumbbells are cheap and can be used for a variety of exercises. There are also an incredible number of workout videos available for the home exerciser.

 

9. You've tried to exercise but you keep quitting.


People often quit because: they schedule too many workouts, work too hard and/or don't give themselves rest days. Do whatever you can--you have to start where you are, not where you want to be. Keep cardio light and schedule recovery days. Progress each week by adding a few more minutes to each workout.

10. You really hate to exercise.

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The key to happiness is doing things you enjoy. If you hate running, you don't have to do it. Find activities that match your personality. If you love the outdoors, go hiking or biking. If you like simplicity, stick with walking or circuit training. Try things before you decide you don't like them.

 

My particular exercise program of choice (the one that I enjoy the most) may be found to be a bit unorthodox. I go to a gym 2 to 3 times a week but each time that I go I work all of the muscle groups (I do all of the machines).  I do “reps” of 10 with weights that are appropriate and when they become increasingly easy to do I “up the number” to 15 and then add 5 more pounds and begin again with 10. I then do about 15 minutes on the tread mill adjusting the speed as indicated, spend about 15 minutes in the steam room, another 15 minutes in the swimming pool, and then I take a hot shower finishing off with a cold. The fitness results have been amazing and I have find this to be incredibly invigorating, but as has been stated exercise is not mandatory.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XV:

Additional Supplementation:  i26

 

In previous chapters it has been discussed that it would be of great value for everyone to supplement their diet with additional vitamins, and minerals. It is very hard (“near to impossible”) to obtain and maintain an optimal amount of all of these vital nutrients (that which nourishes the body) based solely on a whole food intake.

Linus Pauling cured many types of cancer’s with massive doses of Vitamin C, Dr. Atkins was able to relieve patients of the adverse side affects of diabetes and take them off of insulin and other diabetes drugs through the initiating of his particular diet. Just how healthy do you wish to become. To what lengths would one go to, to achieve their own personal optimum health?

 

 

Let us now go “Beyond Nutrition”:

 

Ø     There exists a company, which is responsible for the production and distribution of any number of health and wellness products. The cornerstone of Legacy for Life, is a scientifically enhanced, all-natural food product, which is listed in the Physicians Desk Reference for non-prescription drugs and dietary supplements. Scientific and clinical trials have revealed that this product, i26® (www.legacyforlife.com) with supportive clinical information (www.hyperimmunegg.org) and an informative video (www.i26forhealth.com) can be instrumental in helping to balance one’s Immune System:

In an attempt to give a more informative and less personal explaination of this product (of which I have taken for the past 10 years) I am going to publish some of the information that  is to be found in their Web-site:

Thank you readers:

i26 A Revolutionary Product is born!

 

 Immunity is the ability of the body to overcome infection, injury and disease producing organisms. It is the system that recognizes substances as foreign and tries to neutralize or eliminate them. The immune system is responsible for maintaining balance in every part of the body. The importance of a properly functioning immune system can't be overstated.

The goal set before the scientist at DCV (a partnership between two Fortune 200 Companies) was to develop products that would support a person's immune function to enable the system to balance naturally. By developing products that could feed the immune system, true long term health benefits could be realized.


The Amish were onto something
An old Amish tradition of feeding the family pudding made from the first milk after a calf was born was a way to fortify the family with beneficial immune factors. They understood passive transfer of immunity. In India where cows are revered as sacred, "first milk" is one of the first foods consumed when a person becomes ill. It appears they also understand the benefits of passive immunity. What we know now through scientific research is that consuming the first milk definitely has benefits but they are limited. This research on "first milk" led the research scientist at DCV down a very positive path of discovery. Could you use animals to generate immune factors good for human health? Could a product be developed using the technology that could be offered to the public as a supplement, not a pharmaceutical? Could it be done in an all natural way?

The answer to all of these questions was a resounding yes!
Even though the first studies looked at cows the scientist quickly discovered they were not the perfect animal to use to accomplish their goals. Cows, like all mammals, passively transfer their immunity to their offspring in the same way. Immune factors are passed in the womb through the blood stream and second over a period of time through breast feeding. These facts limit the amount of immune factors that could be harvested by using mammals, making the resulting products limited in effectiveness.

The method by which mammals transfer immunity is not true for all animals. Chickens as well as other birds and egg laying animals passively transfer immunity to their young in a different manner. They don't nurse their offspring like mammals and the eggs, once formed, are not connected to the mother. Chickens accomplish the act of passive transfer of immunity in the single act of egg formation. Because they are very efficient at passing immunity chicken eggs became the central focus of product development. A chicken egg contains 20 times the number of antibodies per unit than the milk passed by mammals. This natural concentration of antibodies is a very valuable trait. What the scientist were able to accomplish next led to the creation of i26 Hyperimmune Egg.

By exposing a specially selected flock of chickens to natural elements from the human world, they developed immunity to these elements. In a highly patented process these special eggs are harvested as a whole food and delivered to the public as i26 egg powder. Nothing is added to the egg nor is any chemical extraction taking place. They are a whole food, all natural product. These eggs have been proven to contain concentrated amounts of immune factors not found in a normal chicken egg or any other product on the market. Fifteen years of research at a cost of millions of dollars has delivered a product that partners with a person's immune system in a way not possible in the past. i26 is a product poised to change the way we stay well.

The Facts are in and they are overwhelming

i26 is a Revolutionary product poised to change how people stay well.

100 Worldwide Patents granted and submitted

 

It's not common for a product that is classified as a nutritional product to earn patent protection but i26 is no ordinary product. Patents have been awarded for the advanced technology used to develop i26, the preparation process, and the actual supporting effects i26 has on the immune system. No other supplement can claim this impressive combination of patents. Most nutritional supplements have no patents at all because you can't patent combinations of natural ingredients. i26 however was created from nature making it a very unique convergence of science and nature. 

Developed by a team of Immunological researchers at DCV, a partnership between 2 Fortune 200 companies

 

i26 is a product of true research and development. It was created in the same format as many of today's pharmaceuticals but with one major difference, i26 is all natural with no side effects. This is not a case of a single person having a shazam moment or the discovery of an exotic fruit from a far off place. i26 was developed out of hard work and the ingenuity of a dedicated group of research scientist who would not stop until they found an answer to balancing the immune system. They understood that if they could help a person find balance it would have far reaching positive health effects that could change how we practice staying well.

Proven in pre-clinical and clinical trials around the world

 

i26 has been proven effective in pre-clinical and clinical trials to positively support proper immune function. Trials have been conducted by Harvard, The United States Military, The Hospital for Special Surgery in NYC and the University of Southern Mississippi among others. Trials have been conducted on many topics:
  • Joints
  • Cholesterol Levels
  • Digestive Health
  • Sports Performance
  • Inflammatory response
  • Quality of life issues for HIV/AIDS patients
A list of trials and their outcomes can be found by using the search term Hyperimmune Egg. Over 50 million dollars has been spent to date developing i26 and studying its positive effects.

  

Hyperimmune Egg holds saGRAS Designation with the FDA

 

The United States Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, biologics and blood products in the United States. The main function of the FDA is protect public health. The FDA has many important duties one of which is protecting the public against false claims made on pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical products. By law the FDA is responsible for approving drugs before they can be offered to the public but for products like i26 which are not drugs there role is different. The FDA by law can not approve nutritional products or a nutraceutical product like i26. However, if a product has the proper scientific proof properly presented to the FDA they can gain saGRAS designation. This designation recognizes that the product is a safe food product and can be consumed without reservation. The process undertaken to attain saGRAS designation is long and costly. It is another example of the extraordinary lengths the scientific arm of Legacy for Life has gone through to ensure our product is safe. Most nutritional products on the market today do not have this designation.

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Like any supplement, this product is not intended to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure disease.

 

i26 Hyperimmune Egg is now in the PDR

 

The 2011 Physicians Desk Reference now includes a listing and photo of i26 Hyperimmune Egg. The Physicians Desk Reference, or “PDR”, is the foremost authority on Pharmaceuticals. There are only a select group of non Pharmaceuticals listed in the reference and i26 is one of them.
This is another step forward in highlighting i26 Hyperimmune Egg as a legitimate force in the helping people take control of their health. This listing now gives consumers the chance to share i26 Hyperimmune Egg with their health care professional. The products are listed on page 310 and 3548. Health care professionals can also search for i26 Hyperimmune Egg on line through the electronic version of the PDR.

 

 

When your system is in balance, inflammation is a friend.
When your system is out of balance too
much inflammation means trouble!

 

What does an ingrown hair, a sprained ankle, even allergies have in common? They all cause the affected area to swell, turn red and become warm. This is due to an immunological response called inflammation, or more technically, an inflammatory immune response.

Most of the time inflammation is a life saver; it allows our body to fight off bacteria and other pathogens such as viruses, mold, parasites that can cause disease. Even in the developed world we are bombarded every day by pathogens and other foreign invaders. When we are attacked, inflammation is the tool the immune system uses to overpower the foreign agents and eliminate infected tissue. Inflammation is also called upon when we suffer injuries. When the job is completed, inflammation subsides, and healing can begin. With the proper amount of response, inflammation is our body's true ally. However, if a person's system is out of balance, inflammation may not shut down when it is supposed to which can lead to considerable tissue damage and then scarring.

Chronic Inflammation

When the immune system does not "turn" itself down properly inflammation becomes chronic and that leads to a host of problems. Everyday aches and pains, heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer's, joint and digestive problems have all been linked to chronic inflammation. It is also the culprit behind slow healing of injuries or inefficient recovery from intense exercise. There is no question in the scientific community that chronic inflammation (inflammatory immune responses that go on too long) are responsible for a majority of today's most feared health problems.

Too Much of an Initial Inflammatory Response

 

Think of your immune system like an army. Each part of the system has a job to do. Inflammatory immune responses or inflammation is the firepower used to overcome the enemy. But what if the immune system is not functioning properly and instead of sending a sharp shooter it sends a tank. When your immune system gets confused and sends too much inflammation out, it attacks and damages healthy cells and tissues around the infected area, which can lead to a host of auto-immune disorders. Problems associated with an overactive immune system are joint and muscular inflammation, digestive issues, circulatory and respiratory inflammation.

Not Enough Inflammation

 

Individuals who have trouble fighting off disease or sickness may not have enough of an inflammatory immune response. In these cases, without the right amount of inflammation, the individual is sick more often, and when they get sick, they stay ill for a longer period of time. Some problems associated with an underactive immune response are frequent colds or flu, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and cancer.

Balance is the Key

 

When a person has an immune system that is working properly it is in balance. A balanced immune response sends the proper amount of inflammation to deal with a problem and it also understands when to turn the heat down, and let the healing begin.

i26 has been shown to promote a balanced immune response by providing the immune system with a host of biological molecules and proteins that act as the immune system's traffic cops. They help teach your immune system to up- or down- regulate its inflammatory immune responses. The elements in i26 Hyperimmune Egg helps the body determine in what direction it needs to "go" to balance its inflammatory immune responses.

 

 

 

 

 

WHY BALANCING YOUR IMMUNE SYSTEM CAN BE THE BEST STEP
YOU CAN TAKE FOR YOUR HEALTH.



i26 is a breakthrough in supporting the immune system

Your immune system is tied to every other part of your body. It is the system that protects and heals you when there is a health challenge. When your immune system is out of balance, your immune response is either insufficient to handle your health issue or it is overactive causing damage to healthy cells and tissue. If you have a specific health challenge it in some way is tied to your immune system response. Balance the immune response and you are on your way to living a healthier life. Living well means more than treating a symptom. It's solving your health issue and it all starts with your body's own immune system.

There are many supplements that indirectly support your immune system like vitamins, including antioxidants, and minerals. However there is only one patented, all natural supplement that directly partners with your immune system, going beyond nutrition to create immune system balance--and that is i26!

What is i26, Hyperimmune Egg, and how does it work?

i26 is an all natural, highly-patented ingredient that contains concentrated amounts of immune cofactors (bioactive molecules) and IgY antibodies delivered through 100% all natural egg protein.

i26 was designed to partner with the immune system to help it function properly. When your immune system is working properly your body can deal with many health issues in an efficient manner.

The immune factors in i26 help the immune system determine when to turn on, when to turn off, and how much inflammation to use to address a health challenge. i26 helps your system achieve balance. The cofactors and proteins found in i26 Hyperimmune Egg were developed specifically for human health.

An Introduction to i26



What is an immune factor?

Immune factors are bioactive molecules that signal other parts of the immune system to take action. Think of them as the traffic cops for the immune system. When your body has the right kind and enough of these cofactors it understands how and when to go into action.

i26 has earned two specific patents that prove these cofactors both up regulate (US Patent 6,420,337 Cytokine Activating cofactor) and down regulate (US Patent 7,083,809 Cytokine Inhibiting Cofactor) your immune response.

If you have an underperforming immune response and it needs to increase its levels of activity in response to a challenge, or if you have an overactive immune response and the body needs to down regulate it, decrease the level, i26 provides your body with information it needs to create a balanced immune response.

Who benefits from a balanced immune system?

Virtually everyone can benefit from a balanced immune system but some people have an immediate need to balance. People who can benefit very quickly are those who deal with auto-immune problems associated with an imbalance in their immune response.

Auto-immune problems can affect virtually every part of the body including respiratory, digestive, circulatory, joint, and muscular health. An imbalance in these areas can result in either an exaggerated inflammatory response caused by an overactive immune system or not enough inflammation resulting in an immune system that is unable to help the body deal with issues properly.

Everyone, healthy or otherwise, benefit when consuming i26. Everyday challenges can send your immune system into an imbalanced state.

You may think you are healthy but it does not take much to spin your immune system into an imbalanced state.
For example some challenges that can affect your immune system are:
  • Lack of sleep
  • Stressful work or home environment
  • The diet you consume
  • Poor drinking water or unhealthy foods
  • Extensive travel
  • Excessive physical exertion
  • Exposure to bacteria, viruses, molds, and parasites

When you become run down and or push yourself too hard, too fast, your immune system can get thrown off balance. This is a time when you are especially susceptible to health issues. Our daily lives are filled with new challenges and staying healthy starts with an optimized immune system. If your immune system is working efficiently and producing balanced inflammatory immune responses your body is better equipped to react postively.

Outside Forces and the Immune System



Questions and Answers

What is i26?

 

i26 is an all-natural egg powder made from special hyperimmune eggs that deliver antibodies and complex bioactive immune factors to help your body balance its immune inflammatory responses.

I already take vitamins. Why do I need i26?

 

Vitamins are important for nutritional support and indirectly help the immune system. i26 Hyperimmune Egg is in a category all its own. It partners directly with the body by providing antibodies and other immune factors not found in any vitamin, mineral, or herb.

Does i26 "boost" the immune system?

 

No. i26 does not artificially "boost" the immune system. It helps the immune system heal and balance itself to achieve optimal performance.

What scientific detail is available for health practitioners?

 

The Web site HyperimmuneEgg.org provides scientific information on the hyperimmune egg ingredient. Details appear in the Physicians' Desk Reference, while other information is available as publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals.

Are there other products that balance the immune system like i26?

 

The short answer is a resounding "NO". There may be some products that claim to "boost" the immune system. These so-called "immune products" come from chemical extracts of white blood cells that tend to artificially "force" the body into a "boosted", inappropriate state.

This is certainly not a good option for anyone with an over active immune system that already suffers from too much inflammation, for example those with arthritis, diabetes, lupus, Crohn's bowel disease, etc.

i26 is pure egg powder and helps the body to heal itself by letting it return to it own natural balance. Also, an important point is that all the published research on i26 Hyperimmune Egg was conducted with the same exact ingredient that you and I consume each day, not some other company's laboratory product.

How does i26 compare to fruit juices or extracts from fruits and vegetables?

 

A wide variety of colorful phytonutrient-rich fruits and vegetables are important for our health. Whole fruits and vegetables are the best way to get these phytonutrients (and their accompanying fiber). Nutrients of all kinds, especially phytonutrients, indirectly affect immune health.

Most fruit juices and perhaps some extracts provide some amount of antioxidants. Antioxidants are important as the immune systems' "clean up crew". Their job is to clear out the dead cells and tissue left after the work of the immune response is done. This is an example of indirect (not direct as is the case with i26) support to the immune system.

How many servings of i26 are best?

 

The majority of individuals report that at one, but typically two servings a day of i26 Hyperimmune Egg, they experience major quality of life changes; and they use more as desired when the body is having problems balancing.

Since we are all affected differently by external and internal stressors, the exact number of servings for each individual may vary. Try two servings a day and see what works best for you. Listen to your body in terms of energy and well-being.

How do I know which form of i26 I should consume?

 

One serving of i26 (4.5 grams) is found in the following products:

one 1 scoop of pure i26 Powder
three 3 i26Chewables
nine 9 i26Capsules
one 1 i26COMPLETE SUPPORT shake
one 1 i26 FIT shake (two scoops of i26FIT)

What is the best way to make i26 part of my daily diet?

 

Before beginning i26, it is suggested that you temporarily refrain from other supplements and herbs (except for those containing only vitamins). Then, begin by consuming 1/4 of a serving every day 3-4 days. Increase to 1/2 of a serving every day for 3-4 days, then a whole serving for 3-4 days. Finally, add a second scoop of i26 and see how you are feeling.

How do hyperimmune eggs differ from regular supermarket eggs?

 

The hyperimmune eggs that are used to obtain pure i26 Hyperimmune Egg come from specially selected hens. These eggs contain antibodies, but they have many-fold the concentration of bioactive immune factors found in regular supermarket eggs.

Can't I just eat regular eggs and get the same benefits found in i26?

 

Supermarket eggs are from hens that have only been exposed to other hens, not to organisms of human interest.

Is i26 approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)?

 

Only prescription medications can be FDA approved. Dietary supplements like vitamins and i26 are not within their approval jurisdiction. However i26 holds sa-GRAS designation and a Master Food File with the FDA. These designations are difficult to attain and few supplements have been able to qualify for sa-GRAS status (place link into sa-GRAS designation) or a Master Food File.

FDA oversight responsibility for dietary supplements.
Dietary supplements are under the "umbrella" of foods. FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) is responsible for the agency's oversight of dietary supplements. The FDA tries to monitor the marketplace for potential illegal products (that is, products that may be unsafe, or make false or misleading claims). These efforts include inspections of dietary supplement manufacturers and distributors, the Internet, consumer and trade complaints, occasional laboratory analyses of selected products, and reported adverse events associated with the use of supplements.

Should I stop my prescription drugs when starting i26?

 

Absolutely not. Never change or stop your prescribed medications without first consulting your prescribing physician. Medications do not interfere with i26 or vice versa, so you can introduce i26 gradually, while still taking your medications. Your doctor can consult their PDR for detailed information on i26. The only known adverse reactions occur in individuals that suffer from severe egg allergies.

Does i26 contain any sugar, dairy products, or gluten?

 

i26 is a whole food product and has the exact nutritional make up of a traditional table egg. There is no sugar, whey, gluten, sugar or other food ingredients in i26.

How soon after consuming i26 will I start to "feel something"?

 

Typically, within 3-9 days of consuming at two servings per day of i26 Hyperimmune Egg individuals report experiencing changes in their energy levels and feeling of well-being. Each individual is different and depending on conditions resulting from an over active or under active immune system changes are felt at different intervals.

How many servings of i26 are too many?

 

Because i26 has the same nutritional value as a regular table egg no adverse effects will result from large-scale consumption. It was proven through a double blind, placebo-controlled study that i26 Hyperimmune Egg actually helps the body maintain healthy cholesterol levels. Some individuals who were dealing with major immune system issues have consumed as much as 30 servings a day with positive results.

How do I know if I'm taking enough servings of i26?

 

Typically, people feel best when they consume two servings per day. Listen to your body. Your energy levels are a window into our body. As you start to balance, your energy will increase.

When should I increase the number of i26 servings I consume?

 

During times of increased internal or external stress, when you feel "under the weather" or not your regular self, your immune system is working even harder. You may wish to increase the number of servings you are consuming to help return to immune homeostasis or balance.

How much i26 should I give my child?

 

If using pure i26 powder, start with 1/8 of a serving for several days, then 1/4. If you desire more, then gradually increase to 1/2 of a serving, 3/4 of a serving and finally a full scoop. See how your child focuses their energy to decide what amount is appropriate.

Can pregnant or nursing women consume i26?

 

Yes. If you can eat eggs, then you can consume i26. Many women have used i26 before, during and after their pregnancy and their babies are doing great! Of course, as with any diet changes during pregnancy, you should first consult your health professional.

Is there a loading period with i26?

 

Yes, but it may be different for each person. It is recommended that you consume i26 for a minimum of 30 continuous days to experience its full effects.

Will i26 increase my cholesterol levels?

 

The science supports the fact that for most of the population, the contribution of dietary cholesterol (what you eat) to your cholesterol levels in the blood is minimal. One would need to consume 15 servings of i26 to get the amount of cholesterol in a single supermarket egg. (Additionally, a double-blind placebo-controlled study, partially funded by the U.S. Army, Nutrition Division, reported that cholesterol levels were not raised in subjects on i26; in fact, cardiovascular health was supported.**)

What supplements can I take along with i26?

 

It is recommended that you start with a "clean slate." It is best not to take products like herbs, animal, or plant extracts when you are starting i26. You may incorporate them later, one at a time, when you know how much i26 makes you feel best.

Do people consuming i26 for long periods of time become tolerant or dependent?

 

No, you will not become tolerant or dependent. People have taken i26 Hyperimmune Egg for over 10 years and are still using the same number of servings as when they started. When you consume i26, you simply provide the body with a buffet of compounds that help support balanced immune function. These immune elements remain in the body for about 3 days.

I have diabetes. Can I still take i26 COMPLETE SUPPORT?

 

i26COMPLETE SUPPORT has only 8 grams of sugar per scoop, much less than a typical bowl of cereal. Many people with diabetes find that consuming i26 helps their quality of life. Just start gradually and monitor your glucose levels to make sure you are not re-balancing too rapidly.

I have a medical condition. How will i26 affect me?

 

i26 does not cure, treat or prevent disease. However, an optimized immune system will make a difference in your quality of life. Start gradually, consuming one scoop of i26 (4.5g) each day. Slowly increase to 3, then 4 scoops per day (more as desired) and see how you feel.

Can a transplant patient take i26?

 

i26 is pure egg; if you can eat eggs, then you can consume i26. i26 does not "boost" immune function, but instead helps the body to optimize it. As a transplant patient, though, it is essential that you check with your doctor before adding any supplements to your diet.

Can I take enzymes while taking i26?

 

Taking enzymes while consuming i26 may destroy some of the larger immune components and proteins found in this ingredient. However, you can take enzymes 4-6 hours after your i26. For example, use i26 during the morning hours and if you think the enzymes are still necessary after balancing your digestive tract with i26, use enzymes at your evening meal.

I have a medical question. Can someone at Legacy for Life answer it for me?

 

Legacy for Life is a dietary supplement company, not a pharmaceutical company. For medical questions please consult with your health practitioner.

**Cholesterol: 

The United States Military tested the equivalent of i26COMPLETE SUPPORT in the gold standard of all clinical trials, a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. None of the subjects, nor the doctors, knew who they were taking the product with i26, or one without i26. The results of the study showed no increase in cholesterol levels. Instead, it showed their cardiovascular systems were supported. The scientific paper on this study can be found at www.HyperimmuneEgg.org In formal clinical trials, no physician has ever reported increased cholesterol levels in subjects using i26.


Testimonials

i26 gave me my life back!
During a trip to Mexico I got a severe case of food poisoning. Unfortunately for me it wrecked by entire system. I became so sick that I was flown out of the country back to Florida for treatment. The doctors were able to help me get rid of the food poisoning but I was left with severe joint and muscle pain. I was so sensitive to the touch that even laying down hurt. My life literally had gone from very active to just trying to get by. I went from doctor to doctor going through a countless number of tests but all the physicians said the same thing, they could not find anything wrong with me. Finally, one of the specialist suggested I go see a Rheumatologist. He was able to tell me that I did not have a life threatening problem but I did have a problem that he could not help with. There were no pharmaceticals available that were really effective and all came with bad side effects. I had already tried most of them and was not interested in trying them again. He suggested I go search for anything that might help.

The Call
I can remember it like it was yesterday, a friend called me and suggested I try i26, a product she had found to help with a problem she was having with her joints. Well, I had already tried everything else even going as far as laying in tubs of vinegar so I was up for anything. After only three days I was up feeling pretty well. Well enough that my husband noticed I was moving much better. He asked what was going on and I remember telling him I'm not sure, "I feel pretty good maybe its that egg stuff". That was eight years ago and I have never been without i26. My muscle pain and joint soreness has all but disappeared. I am not completely active and working full time. What I discovered later was that when I contracted food poisoning it sent my system in chaos. My immune system went into overdrive pumping out huge amounts of inflammation and in my weakened state a problem that had laid dormant was now able to surface. Once I was able to get my immune system back into balance my body was able to deal with the muscle and joint disorder I was suffering from. If more people would try to find the root of the problem and not try to manage the symptoms they would be much better off. I don't really understand how it all works but I do know that i26 gave me my life back.

- Jan M. (Florida)

1,238 days and counting
My entire family has been using i26 for over 3 years and with the exception of some light allergy problems all six of us have been well the entire time. My four children have not missed a day of school and my husband and I have not missed a day of work since we started taking i26. If we feel like we are starting to come down with something we double up on our servings and let our immune systems do the rest. I have recommended the product to many families in our community and almost all have the same experience as we do. Before i26 we would get sick in the winter and end up needing antibiotics because a cold would get out of control or something. Its nice to not have to worry about that any longer. We try to eat right and the kids are also active in sports. Other than that its i26.

- Jenny M. (Oklahoma City, OK)

I use i26 for one simple reason "IT WORKS"
I've been racing motocross since I was a kid so I have first hand experience at the toll it can take on your body as you age. My passion now is racing vintage motocross bikes like the ones I rode in the 70's. Now that I am 52 and like most of us head back to work every Monday, recovering from my weekend competition is crucial. The older bikes really deliver a pounding to my body and soreness and aches and pains are a real issue. No one wants to walk around like an old man at the office. Thank goodness I found i26! Since I started taking i26 I have not had the stiffness and sore muscles that come with racing on the weekends. My recovery without i26 would go well into mid week, not anymore. I am completely ready to go without any problems by Tuesday.

- Bret H. (Phoenix, AZ)

The older I get the more thankful I am for i26. 79 and doing fine!
My son forced me to start taking i26 and Flex and man am I glad he did. I was complaining about my knees and feet hurting so much I could not take my walks like I wanted to. I had started to put on weight and was unhappy about it. I started taking 2 scoops and 2 Flex, it took about 3 weeks before I realized I was not hurting like before. I was able to start walking my neighborhood again soon after that. The best part is I can't tell you how good it is at my age not to ache and I have not been sick at all since I started taking i26. I don't like everything my son makes me do but I sure am glad he insisted I start i26.

- Gloria M. (Marshall, TX)

That Egg Stuff
I have always been active but a little thing called Throat Cancer slowed me down. In short I started treatments but like many in my position felt very lethargic, I had some stomach issues because of the medicine but most of all I had zero energy. It took all I had to get up most days but I thought that was normal. I was able to complete treatments but was still very weak until a business colleague suggested i26. I checked with my doctor and even though he did not know about i26 he could find nothing wrong with eating what is essentially egg. We started putting small amounts in my feeling tube then gradually increasing the amount. After several days I had much, much more energy. I figured I was just getting better because it had been a week since my last treatment so I stopped taking the egg. Well, after 4 days I was back in bed and decided to start "That Egg Stuff" again. I am now a believer in i26. Within a few days I was starting to feel like myself again, walking, even skeet shooting with my sons. I will never be without it and try to tell my story to anyone who will listen.

- Quinton S. (Colorado Springs, CO)

My incredible story, my digestive issues are gone.
Over 15 years ago I couldn't absorb nutrients, I was losing weight (I went as low as 112 lbs @ 5'10"!), had severe abdominal discomfort all day long, abnormal and infrequent bowel movements, and I was tired all the time--my life was misery.

One evening I was rushed to the hospital bcause my colon had ruptured and a very severe infection was spreading rapidly throughout my body. There was no choice but to have emergency surgery and hopefully catch the infection before it spread further.

The surgery that followed changed my life for years, even though the colostomy was only supposed to be temporary. The doctor resectioned the colon, connecting it to my stomach wall so I had to excrete into a bag.

Now, not only did I have to deal with all of the aforementioned symptoms but also had the unpleasant task of dealing with "this bag" hanging from the outside of my stomach. When you suffer from a medical condition like this, you have to be strong enough to fight the physical symptoms but you also have to be strong mentally to fight changes in your appearance and life. Going from 140 or 145 lbs. to as low as 112 and looking like, as my Mother says now, a POW, takes a mental toughness that I never realized I had. The battle was just beginning! Physically and emotionally I was drained from the battle.

Many years passed, with little or no change and it was not easy coming to terms that the doctor said that I would have to live with this the rest of my life. Any medications I took not only had side-effects, but the more I used them the less effective they became.

My life basically consisted of going to work (if I had the energy), coming home and lying on the couch or in bed, eating very little dinner, visiting the bathroom frequently, taking medication that provided very little if any relief and going to bed. Trying to sleep through the night was impossible. I would wake up frequently because of the abdominal discomfort, attempt to go to the bathroom and either not be able to or have an abnormal movement. My sleep was interrupted all night long and I never felt rested. This continued.day after day, week after week, month after month--basically, I had no life!

I had come to the realization that I would have to live with lack of quality of life and the so-called "temporary" bag. While waiting to see my doctor for an appointment, I was telling a man about my problems and he told me he had been taking this product called I26 and that it had changed his quality of life dramatically.

I was really skeptical because I had tried many supplements before, but decided to check it out and get some.

Boy was I surprised! I started using i26 Hyperimmune Egg about 9 years ago and have been on it since then. My results have been nothing short of phenomenal! My bowels are normal, I sleep through the night, I have a great appetite, and I am back to a healthy 170 lbs. After years I started exercising again, got back to my favorite game of golf and my energy levels have changed significantly.

After only four months of being on i26 Hyperimmune Egg my surgeon said I had a pink, healthy colon and I had surgery to reconnect my colon. My surgeon was pleased and advised me there is a 95% chance there would not be a recurrence of my intestinal issues.

I am convinced that being on i26 made all the difference in my body being able to balance my immune system and my digestive tract and I thank God that I met that man in the reception room.

Timeline:
  • Mid 1995, intestinal discomfort and poor quality of life
  • Nov. 1996, colon ruptured and emergency surgery with resulting colostomy bag.
  • Apr. 2001, started i26. This is the ONLY change in my diet.
  • Jun. 2001, doctor scoped colon, found pink, healthy intestine. Previous to this he would not even think about reconnecting.
  • Sep. 2001, colon reconnected, NO MORE BAG!!! (after five (5) years of suffering)
  • Dec. 2003, a healthy 170 lbs (on a 5'10" frame) and life is good!
  • June 2009, 175lbs and feeling very healthy. Blood work normal.
- John S. (Virginia)

No more aches and pains and plenty of energy
Some 12 years ago, I was in a bad car accident and ended up with a broken hip and back. My discomfort was significant and I eventually ended up with crutches. When I was told that I needed a hip replacement, I started on i26®, FLEX and EICO-BALANCE. Then, eight months ago, I broke my fibular. My surgeon was impressed with my relative lack of discomfort and how fast I healed. He compared current x-rays to my previous films and said that he no longer thought I was a candidate for hip replacement, especially since the daily aches and discomforts of my life had disappeared. I wanted a second opinion. My new physician was so impressed by the changes and in my total level of comfort that she is now suggesting i26 to her new patients. At age 75, i26 and FLEX give me energy, a better night's rest, allow me to attend to my farm animals again, and have kept me functioning even through the winter months. My quality of life has improved significantly! Thank you Legacy! I hope I shall never be without i26!"

- Eschi W. (QUICKSBURG, VA)

No more flakey embarrassing skin problems! 26 years of topical solutions and injections could not do what all natural i26 could.
I have had a skin disorder that has plagued my life for about 26 years !! I did not have the worst case ever but it definitely was awful. My scalp was so bad that I was embarrassed every time I got a hair cut and I couldn't wear black shirts because it was like a bad case of dandruff. It was on my forehead so I was forced to have bangs to hide it as best as I could. I had it really bad on my knees and various spots on my legs so I could never wear a dress or shorts. It was also on my back, torso, elbows and inside my ears. It is a very ugly disease and it really beats up your self esteem. It truly has a devastating effect on your life because it is so visible. I would take my kids to the pool and have to suffocate in a cover up while everyone else was enjoying the water in their bathing suits. My kids friends would always say "what's wrong with your knees?", or "ewww, what's on your elbows", if I tried to uncover a bit. It literally changed the way I dressed and the way I felt about myself for many years. I was skeptical about how much i26 would help because it did not advertise any help for such a problem. A friend told me about a friend of theirs that swore it took away their skin problems, so I thought I had nothing to lose. Well I did lose -- my horrible skin problems!!!!!!!!!!!!!! I am so thrilled, I feel truly like I have been born again, with someone else's great skin!! I cannot tell you how much money and time I have invested on topical prescriptions, puva light treatments, and even injections that have a list of side effects a mile long and can even cause death!!!! For over half of my life I have been fighting this horrible problem and thanks to i26, I have a normal life again! I cannot tell you how grateful I am and I am telling everyone I know about it. I am going on vacation this week and can't wait to show off my new skin!!!!! Thank you from the bottom of my soul!!!!

Kind regards,
Lisa


-Lisa V. (Maine)

I can play golf again!
"I am 75 years old and have had back problems since I was in my thirties. About 22 years ago, I had to give up playing golf due to the aches it caused. Maybe because of the lack of physical activity, I had to have a double bypass in 1998. I also started to get dizzy and had problems with my memory.

"Then, about six years ago, I began taking i26 and FLEX. Now, thanks to my body's healing abilities, the addition of i26 and FLEX, I find I'm no longer dizzy, my memory has come back, and I am playing golf on a weekly basis! Plus, all the women tell me I look 10 years younger than my chronological age.

"By the way, I just had blood work done and my physician was going down the list of results saying, 'Great, great, great' when he stopped in the middle of reading and said to me, 'You are 75 years old and you are so healthy!' It was as if he didn't understand!"

- Jerry W. (Florida)

My son no longer needs breathing treatments!
My son has had to endure more colds and ear infections in his 5 years than I have had to in my whole life. What is interesting is that he does not seem to be alone, it has become a common problem with many kids. It had resulted in many trips to the doctor, the pattern was a simple cold would turn into an infection that would lead to antibiotics and 2x per day breathing treatments. We were convinced to try i26 after a friend told us of their experience with their son. I checked out the safety of the product and if it was Ok for kids and I am glad I made the decision to try it. It made sense that if his immune system was working right he would not get as sick as often and its true. We have eliminated the need for breathing treatments ($500 per month) and he only occasionally gets a stuffy nose. He wants his Strawberry Milk (i26 Complete Support) every morning. We now have the entire family on i26 and tell every mom we run into about it.

- Nick B. (Corn,

 

 

 

 

Chapter XVI:                    

Summary      

The “Prescription for Wellness” diet/ lifestyle plan is based on the premise that almost all overweight people are guilty of eating far too many carbohydrates and sugars. Proteins and fat, do not make us fat and most vegetables are neither full of sugars and or carbohydrates, and their consumption is highly encouraged (one must get their vitamins, minerals, and fiber). One can consume meat, fish (including shellfish), eggs, fowl, and cheese in unrestricted quantities. You can cook with butter, have mayonayse with your tuna, and put olive oil and vinegar, or blue cheese dressing (not “light” or low fat) on your salads. On the other hand, the consumtion of sugars is not allowed and carbohydrates are restricted to 20 grams of net carbs per day, meaning total carbs minus fiber.

Our bodies burn both fat (stored energy deposits) and carbohydrates for energy, but carbs are used first. By cutting out all sugars, dramatically reducing carbs, and eating more protein and fat (particularily Omega 3/ fish oils), our bodies naturally lose weight by burning stored body fat more efficiently. What begins to happen is that our bodies changes from a carbohydrate-burning machine into a fat-burning engine.

By restricting carbohydrates dramatically, to a mere fraction of those found in the “Standard American Diet”, the body goes into a state of ketosis, which means it burns its own fat for fuel. A person in ketosis is getting energy from ketones, little carbon fragments that are the fuel created by the breakdown of fat stores. When the body is in ketosis, you tend to feel less hungry, as now fat stores become your bodies primary source of energy. By overcoming our carbohydrate dependence we no longer experience the sugar induced “highs and lows”, and have a more definitive grasp of our true daily requirements.

In slightly more detail, consider what happens when you eat a high-carbohydrate meal. Sugar from the carbohydrates quickly enters the bloodstream. To keep the blood sugar from rising too high, the body secretes insulin. Insulin allows the extra sugar to be stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen, but these stores are rapidly filled to capacity. The insulin then converts any extra sugar to fat -- the stuff we're trying so hard to get rid of.

Let us digress:

Overweight is normally brought about generationally:

Your grandparents or great-grandparents, living through the depression, were probably, as were most people, very poor. Survival was of the utmost importance and food was a key component. Leaving the table feeling full and satiated was secondary only to knowing that the rest of the family was provided with the same. Meats were expensive, impossible to store, and sometimes impossible to aquire. Potatoes and flour were a lot more accessable and provided great “fillers” for one’s diet. The fact that food was scarce and money even more so, provided the rational for the lack of obesity in the 1930’s population.

The next generation had it much better. Money was much more plentiful, refridgeration of parishable foods was possible, but still old habits prevailed. The economy was flurishing and bakery products became a big business. Breads were always on the dinner table, potatoes and/ or rice were always served as side dishes, and after dinner deserts were common place. Meats and green vegetables were served but the old stigma still remained that one “held down” on eating large quanities of these and instead filled up on the carbohydrates. It was almost seen as glutonous to ask for a second steak, but it was acceptable to get another helping of potatoes, two or three pieces of bread, or a second piece of pie. This, of course was acceptable because the “food pyramid” had been formulated and Doctors and Nutricianists were vigorously urging people to eat more carbs.

We have spoken previously of how carbohydrates equal sugar, which lacks any nutritional value.

Next we saw the advent of fast food restaraunts, which have quickly became “the places to eat.” I, occasionally find myself indulging myself at any number of them. I get a diet drink, don’t order the fries, deserts, shakes, or ice crème, get some burgers (usually order 3 or 4) discard the bread and eat the meat, cheese, tomato, lettuce, mayonaise, and bacon.. It is cheaper than going the other route, and I am staying on the program, and losing weight.

When participating in the, “the Prescription for Wellness” program one must learn to become somewhat of a “glutten or pig”; remember that this diet will actually lower cholesterol levels.

Breakfasts can consist of any or all of these foods, with no restriction on the amount: eggs, bacon, ham, sausage, steak, pork chops (any meat), coffee or any other non sweetened beverage, artificial sweetener, and heavy cream. Lunch and dinner can include any of the same with a salad with blue cheese dressing (not light or low fat) or vinegar and oil, any non-starchy or sugary vegetable, excluding corn, lima, lentil, pinto, and kidney beans, acorn squash, sweet potatoes, white potatoes, rice, or any grain products.

I say that you must become somewhat of a “heathen” because this diet  is in fact, somewhat limiting and one must indulge oneself to be truly satisfied, and as a compensation for certain depravations. Who would ever consider eating crab, tuna, egg, or shrimp salad by the bowl full, without the bread, spoon full after spoon full, burgers without the bread, sliced ham or roast beef rolled up in cheese, or going to a barbeque restaurant and getting the all you can eat meat and cole slaw or salad. My favorite restaurants are of the all you can eat varieties, that serve everything. I of course, leave the breads, and deserts alone (with the exception of unsweetened jello, pudding, and real whipped cream) but I indulge myself with 5 or 6 different meats, some soups and salads, and 5 or 6 different vegetables to choose from; all of these I consume without restriction and with much gusto.

There are certain things that one should suppliment in this or any diet   (items found lacking in the “Standard Ameican Diet). The addition  of these necessary ingredients brought to a level of optimum ingestion will bring about major health and wellness benefits.

The nutrients that should be supplemented are as follows:

Ø     Vitamins

Ø     Minerals

Ø     Essential fatty acids (DHA and EPA / Fish Oil )

Ø     Co-Enzymes (Co-Q-10)

Ø     & Fiber

 

I thank you for reviewing and considering my “Prescription for Wellness”. I invite you join me on it’s journey toward dramatic weight loss and improved health. I am thoughly convinced that given the proper nutrition (all that the body needs) it is quite capable of healing itself and correcting deteriorating conditions.

I further encourage you to go to the Legacy for Life’s company web site (www.legacyforlife.com) to thoughly investigate a product unlike any other (www.hyperimmunegg.net), with an introductory video to be found at www.i26forhealth.com. 

i26®, the company’s cornerstone product,  helps to balance the Immune System (90 day, money back guarantee) and offer the body the needed ingredients to assist in:

Ø     • Helping maintain digestive tract health

Ø     • Maintaining flexible and healthy joints

Ø     • Supporting cardiovascular function

Ø     • Maintaining healthy cholesterol levels

Ø     • Helping maintain a healthy circulatory system,

 

May I also submit for your consideration, Legacy for Life has developed a meal replacement drink containing a full serving of i26, 20 grams of protein, 5 grams of fiber, 8 grams of carbohydrates, less than 1 gram of sugar, and contains a wide variety of vitamins, and minerals. It could be taken one or two times a day in conjunction to your carefully planned, unrestricted low carbohydrate diet.

 

i26 FIT Shakes

 

 

 auto-ship discount

 

The world's most advanced protein shake!
i26 Fit Shakes can be used as a complete meal option or as the world's most advanced Protein Recovery Drink. It has been designed to address imbalances in your body's metabolic, immune, intestinal and hormonal systems. i26 FIT helps you control your weight while keeping muscle mass. Within a week or so, cravings for sweets will subside. The four great flavors make this Protein Drink a delicious — and doctor-endorsed — way to be nutritious and balance your immune system! Mix Dutch Chocolate, Vanilla Créme, Strawberries and Cream or Café Mocha with 8 oz. of fat-free milk as a complete and flexible solution to your needs. You will feel full and satisfied for hours afterward and recover more quickly from exercise.

i26 FIT is the only product of its kind that contains a full serving of i26 for optimal immune support! Not only will i26 FIT help you shape up, but you'll have more energy while your doing it! (15 servings per can, 555g)



 

It is our hope and prayer that this “diet”, this “prescription for wellness” will initiate major health benefits and afford a renewed zest for living to it’s inductees.

Thank You:

PS I make my "Fit", Strawberries and Cream,  with an 8 oz. shaker of water (add the liquid first & refrigerate after opening) and it makes a splendid drink:

Every-time that I drink it, I think of "cotton candy at the carnival"

 

 

 

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