Chapter 4


Sugar, (the word stems from the Sanskrit, sharkara) consists of a class of edible crystalline substances. The average American consumes an astounding 2-3 pounds of sugar each week (100 to 150 pounds per year), which is not surprising considering that highly refined sugars in the forms of sucrose (table sugar), dextrose (high-fructose corn syrup), lactose (milk sugar), and fructose (levulose, or fruit sugar), are being processed into many foods such as breakfast cereal, mayonnaise, peanut butter, ketchup, spaghetti sauce, candy-bars, soft drinks, chips, snacks, fruit-juice, soups, ice-cream, jams, jellies, yogurt, many breads, and the list goes on (what we dont subject our bodies to).

In the last 20 years, we have increased sugar consumption in the United States from 26 pounds to 135 lbs. of sugar, per person, per year. At the turn of the 20th century (1900), the average consumption was only about 3 pounds per person, per year. 

Cardiovascular disease and cancer was virtually unknown in the early 1900's.

One of sugar's major drawbacks is that it raises the insulin level, which inhibits the release of growth hormones, which in turn depresses the immune system.

An influx of sugar into the bloodstream upsets the body's blood-sugar balance, triggering the release of insulin, which the body uses to keep blood sugar at a constant and safe level. 

Insulin also promotes the storage of fat, so that when you eat sweets high in sugar, you're making way for rapid weight gain and elevated triglyceride levels, both of which have been linked to cardiovascular disease.

Reading the ingredients label on processed foods can help to identify added sugars. 

Names for added sugars on food labels include:

     Brown sugar

     Corn sweetener

     Corn syrup



     Fruit juice concentrates


     High-fructose corn syrup


     Invert sugar



     Malt syrup


     Raw sugar




Sugar and refined carbohydrates are undeniably linked to diabetes. 

Researchers around the world have come to the conclusion that the consumption of refined sugar is detrimental to the health of people without diabetes and disastrous for those with it. Furthermore, excess sugar in the blood can cause the onset of type 2 diabetes.

In addition to throwing off the body's homeostasis (balance), excess sugar may result in a number of other significant consequences.

The following is a listing of some of sugar's metabolic consequence:

     Sugar can suppress your immune system and impair your defenses against infectious disease.

      Sugar upsets the mineral relationships in your body: causes chromium and copper deficiencies and interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium.

     Sugar can cause a rapid rise of adrenaline, hyperactivity, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, and crankiness in children.

     Sugar can produce a significant rise in total cholesterol, triglycerides and bad cholesterol and a decrease in good cholesterol.

     Sugar causes a loss of tissue elasticity and function.

     Sugar feeds cancer cells and has been connected with the development of cancer of the breast, ovaries, prostate, rectum, pancreas, biliary tract, lung, gallbladder and stomach.

     Sugar can increase fasting levels of glucose and can cause reactive hypoglycemia.

     Sugar can weaken eyesight.

     Sugar can cause many problems with the gastrointestinal tract including: an acidic digestive tract, indigestion, malabsorption in patients with functional bowel disease, increased risk of Cohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis.

     Sugar can cause premature aging.

     Sugar can lead to alcoholism.

     Sugar can cause your saliva to become acidic, tooth decay, and periodontal disease.

     Sugar contributes to obesity.

     Sugar can cause autoimmune diseases such as: arthritis, asthma, and multiple sclerosis.

     Sugar greatly assists the uncontrolled growth of Candida Albicans (yeast infections)

     Sugar can cause gallstones.

     Sugar can cause appendicitis.

     Sugar can cause hemorrhoids.

     Sugar can cause varicose veins.

     Sugar can elevate glucose and insulin responses in oral contraceptive users.

     Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.

     Sugar can cause a decrease in your insulin sensitivity thereby causing an abnormally high insulin levels and eventually diabetes.

     Sugar can lower your Vitamin E levels.

     Sugar can increase your systolic blood pressure.

     Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children.

     High sugar intake increases advanced glycation end products (AGEs)(Sugar molecules attaching to and thereby damaging proteins in the body).

     Sugar can interfere with your absorption of protein.

     Sugar causes food allergies.

     Sugar can cause toxemia during pregnancy.

     Sugar can contribute to eczema in children.

     Sugar can cause atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.

     Sugar can impair the structure of your DNA.

     Sugar can change the structure of protein and cause a permanent alteration of the way the proteins act in your body.

     Sugar can make your skin age by changing the structure of collagen.

     Sugar can cause cataracts and nearsightedness.

     Sugar can cause emphysema.

     High sugar intake can impair the physiological homeostasis of many systems in your body.

     Sugar lowers the ability of enzymes to function.

     Sugar intake is higher in people with Parkinson's disease.

     Sugar can increase the size of your liver by making your liver cells divide and it can increase the amount of liver fat.

     Sugar can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the kidney such as the formation of kidney stones.

     Sugar can damage your pancreas.

     Sugar can increase your body's fluid retention.

     Sugar is enemy #1 of your bowel movement.

     Sugar can compromise the lining of your capillaries.

     Sugar can make your tendons more brittle.

     Sugar can cause headaches, including migraines.

     Sugar can reduce the learning capacity, adversely affect school children's grades and cause learning disorders.

     Sugar can cause an increase in delta, alpha, and theta brain waves, which can alter your mind's ability to think clearly.

     Sugar can cause depression.

     Sugar can increase your risk of gout.

     Sugar can increase your risk of Alzheimer's disease.

     Sugar can cause hormonal imbalances such as: increasing estrogen in men, exacerbating PMS, and decreasing growth hormone.

     Sugar can lead to dizziness.

     Diets high in sugar will increase free radicals and oxidative stress.

     High sucrose diets of subjects with peripheral vascular disease significantly increases platelet adhesion.

     High sugar consumption of pregnant adolescents can lead to substantial decrease in gestation duration and is associated with a two-fold increased risk for delivering a "small-for-gestational-age" (SGA) infant.

     Sugar is an addictive substance.

     Sugar can be intoxicating, similar to alcohol.

     Sugar given to premature babies can affect the amount of carbon dioxide they produce.

     Decrease in sugar intake can increase emotional stability.

     Your body changes sugar into 2 to 5 times more fat in the bloodstream than it does starch.

     The rapid absorption of sugar promotes excessive food intake in obese subjects.

     Sugar can worsen the symptoms of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

     Sugar adversely affects urinary electrolyte composition.

     Sugar can slow down the ability of your adrenal glands to function.101

     Sugar has the potential of inducing abnormal metabolic processes in a normal healthy individual and to promote chronic degenerative diseases.102

     I.V.s (intravenous feedings) of sugar water can cut off oxygen to your brain.103

     Sugar increases your risk of polio.104

     High sugar intake can cause epileptic seizures.105

     Sugar causes high blood pressure in obese people.106

     In intensive care units: Limiting sugar saves lives.107

     Sugar may induce cell death.108

     In juvenile rehabilitation camps, when children were put on a low sugar diet, there was a 44 percent drop in antisocial behavior.

     Sugar dehydrates newborns.

     Sugar can cause gum disease.

Eating the right foods can improve mental health; mood swings, panic attacks, anxiety and depression. When one cuts out excess sugars and limits carbohydrate intake to 20 grams per day, and forces the body to burn its reserve stores of fat, the real, strong levels of the bodys energy begin to come into play and ones stamina and mental stability improves.

Sugar highs and lows/ peaks and valleys are done away with and the body begins to work more efficiently; thought processes are enhanced and the immune system, healing, and heart functions improve.

The use of sugar substitutes is very much encouraged on your Second Opinion" program and add much enjoyment to an otherwise sugarless diet. Remember iced and hot tea, coffee, "diet" sodas, and any other sugarless beverages may be consumed without restriction (however let us not forget that water is the best hydrator of the body).

The elimination of sugars will indeed improve ones health, and mental attitude. As an extra bonus, we will become happier and prouder of ourselves, because we were able to accomplish that which we originally set out to do, Lose Weight.

Let us remember that excessive amounts of sugar in the blood is the equivalent of poison to our bodies. The body is forced to secrete insulin, to remove the sugar from our blood and encapsulate it in a fat molecule, which shields it from the blood ( functionally taking it out of the equation) and again establishing homeostasis (a perfect balance) averting the possibility of passing out, slipping into a coma and avoiding possible death:

My hopes and prayers are that this new diet, this lifestyle change, this wellness program, this Second Opinion, will afford to all: A better and longer life, a stronger and more positive mental attitude, more stamina and perseverance, less depression, and an ever increasing zest for life.



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